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Stye Eye: How Long Does a Stye last on your eye

how long does stye last

Do you notice a bump on your eye? Or is your eye paining? Stye, also known as sty (hordeolum), is a terrible bacterial infection. It is a red bump, pimple like formed on the outside edge of your eyelid. Don’t panic if you get this bump on your eye, because it is not a contagious or serious condition. Getting an stye on your eye is common.

This article will help you get some remedies to treat a stye and know the duration of the stye. However, Before heading towards answering “how long does a stye last?”, lets first see what actually is a stye and how is it caused. Keep reading the article, it will help you a lot to get rid of a stye on your eyes.

What is a Stye?

Stye is a painful lump or ball-like structure present outside or inside the eyes that causes pain and itching. It is full of pus and looks like an acne and pimple type. However, the appearance of a stye can be unsightly at times.

The sty happens on the eyelid called chalazion and back on the eyelid which does not cause any kind of infection and pain. It can appear on one or both eyes. Stye is also known as hordeolum.

How long does a stye last? Stye lasts for maybe 5 to 6 days but in some cases, it may last for a week longer. Use warm compresses, tea bags, eye hygiene, etc to reduce the stye on your eye.

Causes of stye

There are lots of tiny oil glands, especially around your eyelashes. These small holes can be blocked or clogged by dead skin, dirt or oil buildup. Thus, bacteria can grow in a blocked gland and cause the development of a stye.

Here are the reasons for developing a stye:

  • Bacteria staphylococcus
  • Clogging of an oil-producing gland in the eyelid
  • Infection 
  • Eye make-up (usually when you share your makeup with others)
  • Stress

What are the Symptoms of eye stye?

Stye may look like a pimple or causes swelling on your lash-line. Stye may last for few days or may extent to a week. Sometimes it cover your whole eye due to swelling.

Stye is a terrible bacterial infection.How Long Does a Stye last on your eye?
Depiction of a person who has a stye: From Wikipedia Creative Commons

You may experience some following symptoms like;

  • eyelid redness
  • pain
  • stinging 
  • tenderness
  • sore  
  • scratchy eye
  • tearing around eye 
  • watery eye
  • crusting or oozing along the lash line
  • sensitivity to bright light
  • pus from the area
  • blurry vision

If your stye isn’t painful, it might be a chalazion. Both, chalazions and styes are treated in the same manner. However, chalazion may last longer than require more time to heal.

Other factors that cause stye

Despite of the above-mentioned causes, a stye could be caused by a number of other factors. Here are some other factors that cause a stye: 

  • Touching the eye with unwashed hands or dirty hands
  • Having skin conditions such as rosacea 
  • Having seborrheic dermatitis
  • Having blepharitis, or swelling of the eyelids
  • Putting in dirty or old contact lenses
  • Using old cosmetics

Prevention against sty

You may get an eye stye at any age. There are no specific people who get an eye stye. All you need is just to follow good hygiene, it helps to reduce your stye from eyes. A stye isn’t contagious and can be prevented by following precautionary measures:

  • Use warm water.
  • Maintain good hygiene of your face.
  • Avoid using a lot of makeup or expired makeup.
  • Wash your hands frequently.
  • Clean your contacts with disinfectant. 
  • Rinse your contacts with a solution before and after using them.
  • Replace your contacts every 5 to 7 months.
  • Avoid sleeping while wearing lenses.
  • Remove lenses while swimming.
  • Wear safety glasses.
  • Don’t share your eye lenses..
  • Don’t share your medicines.
  • Don’t share your makeup.
  • Clean your makeup brushes.
  • Wash your face more often to remove dirt, makeup, sweat, etc

When to see a doctor?

It is suggested to see a doctor in case your stye lasts for more than 3-4 days and isn’t reducing in size.

Inform your doctor if your eye is paining or you notice any kind of discharge from your eyes. Your doctor may ask some questions, like “what is the duration of your stye?” or “have you used any kind of antibiotic before coming to him?”, etc.

A stye may also be caused by some othe underlying eye conditions. Therefore, immediately seek a doctor if you suffer from blurry vision and swelling.

Stye is a terrible bacterial infection.How Long Does a Stye last on your eye
Image of a stye eye in serious condition. Image from Wikipedia Creative Commons

Treatment for your eye stye

Eye stye isn’t serious and can be cured. However, your doctor may recommend you the following treatment for your eye stye:

  • Eye drops
  • Oral antibiotics
  • Antibiotic ointment 
  • Incision and drainage to allow the inner pus to come out (you may need antibiotics after the procedure)
  • Use of steroid injection in the eyelid to help reduce the swelling

Remedies for your stye in eyes

Clean your eyelid with soap and water

Maintaining a good hygiene of your eyes prevents the stye. Keeping your eyelids cleans prevents the future styes as well.

Steps:

Here are the steps that could be used to keep your eyelid clean using soap and water:

  • Take a tear-free baby shampoo.
  • Mix it with warm water.
  • Wash your eye gently. 
  • Clean your eye with cotton or a clean dry cloths.
  • Repeat it every day until your stye disappears.
Stye is a terrible bacterial infectionHow Long Does a Stye last on your eye.
Photo by Vitória Santos from Pexels

Use of warm tea bag

You might wonder how can a teabag cure a stye. Black tea is believed to be the best treatment because it reduces swelling and has some antibacterial properties which helps cure the stye.

Steps:

Here are some steps that should be followed to treat a stye using a warm tea bag:

  • Boil a glass of water. 
  • Put a black tea bag in it.
  • Leave it for 1 min and then drink the tea.
  • Wait until the teabag cools down.
  • Place it on your eye.
  • Leave it on your eye for 5 to 10 minutes.
  • Use a separate teabag for your other eye.

Use it a few times a day.

How Long Does a Stye last on your eye
Photo by Tree of Life Seeds from Pexels

Use Warm compressors

A warm compressor is the most effective way to help treat a stye. The warmth helps in bringing the pus i your stye to the surface and dissolve the pus and oil so the stye can drain naturally.

Steps:

Here are some steps that should be followed to treat a stye using a warm compressor:

  • Take a tidy washcloth.
  • Take lukewarm water.
  • Wring the cloth in order to make it wet but not dripping. 
  • Place it over your eye for about 6 to 10 minutes. 
  • You can do this 2 to 4 times each day.
Stye Eye: How Long Does a Stye last on your eye 1 - Daily Medicos
Image of a Warm Compressor taken from Wikipedia Creative Commons

Avoid Makeup and contact lenses

We all are aware of the fact that makeup products contain a mixture of several different chemicals and have a higher risk of irritating your skin. Makeup can make the stye worse and can delay the healing process. There is also a chance of transferring bacteria to your makeup tools and brushes and spreading the infection to your other eye too.

Things that must be done when you apply makeup:

  • Check the expiry date of your products (Discard your eye products that have exceeded 3 months).
  • Wash your brushes frequently.
  • Remove your makeup properly.

Avoid wearing contact lenses if you have a stye. You can use spectacles instead of lenses.

The above-mentioned remedies to treat a stye are limited when you don’t get any harm or allergy. If you get any redness or pain in your eyes by using these at least one-time, it is recommended to consult your doctor immediately.

Other treatment options

You have also some other treatment options which will help you to reduce your stye on eyes like;

  • Take painkillers: You can take painkillers to reduce the swelling and pain. However, if the pain keeps increasing, you can visit your doctor.
  • Massage the area lightly: Massage the affected area with lid wipes to promote drainage. Use clean hands to massage. Once the stye drains, keep your eye clean and avoid touching. Stop doing massage if you get hurt.
  • Get medical treatment: Some styes need treatment and should be drained professionally, therefore get a medical treatment from your doctor. Your doctor might recommend an antibiotic cream for infections.
  • Surgery: Some styes are internal or affect your vision and are critical, therefore surgery is required for such styes.  

General FAQs on Stye

Can I pop the stye on my eyes?

Do not pop, squeeze, or touch a stye. You shouldn’t pop the stye like your pimple. It might seem tempting, but squeezing and touching will discharge pus and may spread the infection or make your eyes watery. See a doctor if the stye is on the inside of your eyelid.

Are styes contagious for other people and babies?

It’s an infection that appears as a red bump or swelling near the rim of the upper or lower eyelid. Stye is not contagious like other pimples. It can not spread by any contact. 

How long does a stye last?

Styes last for 5 to 6 days and might disappear with above home remedies if it does not vanish and continuously causes irritation in your eyes or swelling or any kind of discharge immediately consult your doctor.

Outline 

 Don’t squeeze or pop your stye like your pimples. Eye hygiene can prevent you from future styes. Use recommended medication by your doctor

ANAPHYLAXIS: life-threatening allergy

anaphylaxis by daily medicos

Have you heard about allergies? Do you or anyone around you is allergic to some food or medicine? If yes, have you ever witnessed what happens to such people when they accidentally come in contact with that allergen? Do you want to know why and how this allergic reaction occurs? Well this article will answer all such questions.

OVERVIEW

Anaphylaxis is an acute and severe allergic condition that can lead to a potentially life-threatening condition called anaphylactic shock. 

HOW DOES THIS ANAPHYLACTIC SHOCK OCCUR? 

We all have a body’s defense system called the immune system. In some people, the cells of their immune system overreact against certain foreign substances (i.e. allergens) which are normally harmless and from which most of the people are immune. When these cells come in contact with allergens, they form antibodies against them. These antigen-antibody complexes causes a release of a substance called “Histamine”, the main culprit. This histamine dilates our blood vessels and makes them permeable which results in leakage of fluid into the tissues decreasing the venous return to the heart which ultimately leads to shock.  

CAUSES

Though susceptibility to develop such allergic reactions is genetically determined, some observations have led to a new idea called “Hygiene hypothesis” i.e. people who in their prenatal life aren’t exposed to environmental antigens are prone to develop allergies later in life. So we can say that too much hygiene isn’t always good, however, this is difficult to prove. People who are prone to develop anaphylaxis usually have high levels of antibodies (IgE antibodies) in serum and are called atopic individuals.  

The most common causes of the anaphylactic reactions are the following:

  • Foods including eggs, shellfish, peanuts, and other nuts
  • Medicine which includes NSAIDS (e.g. Aspirin), penicillin etc
  • Insect stings (bee stings being the most common ones)
  • Latex
  • General anesthesia
  • Exercise 

Keep in mind that these above mentioned aren’t the only causes and that a person can be allergic to almost anything.

SYMPTOMS

Symptoms of anaphylaxis and anaphylactic shock differ. A person can have both anaphylaxis and anaphylactic shock at the same time. Even a very small dose of an allergen can cause symptoms within minutes of exposure.

Symptoms of anaphylaxis include:

  • Itching
  • Runny nose
  • Skin erythema (redness)
  • Hives (swollen and pale bumps on the skin)
  • Respiratory distress
  • Hoarseness of voice (due to laryngeal edema)
  • Swollen lips, tongue and throat
  • Vomiting
  • Abdominal cramps

Symptoms of anaphylactic shock include:

  • Wheezing
  • Breathing difficulty
  • Low blood pressure
  • Dizziness
  • White or blue discoloration
  • Urticaria (skin rash and plaques)
  • Weak pulse
  • Cold/clammy skin
  • Choking

A person having both anaphylaxis and anaphylactic shock can develop mixed symptoms.

TREATMENT

As already mentioned, histamine causes vasodilation (i.e. dilates the blood vessels) hence agents or drugs that reverse this process can be used as a treatment for anaphylactic shock. One such agent is a hormone “Epinephrine”. This hormone is a vasopressor (i.e. it constricts blood vessels) and it also increases heart rate so it can also help in the reversal of the symptoms of shock. 

There is a device called Epinephrine Pen (EpiPen) which contains a single dose of Epinephrine which is used in emergencies for the treatment of anaphylactic shock. It’s a bit expensive but quite handy and allergic people must always carry it with them.

There’s another technique called “Desensitization” also called allergy shots. It is used to reduce the risk of allergic reactions. In allergy shots, patients are exposed to tiny amounts of allergens to diminish the body’s response to allergens.

IV (intravenous) or IM (intramuscular) epinephrine is the first step in anaphylaxis treatment. Adjuncts include:

  • Oxygen therapy
  • Glucocorticoids (steroids)
  • Antihistamines
  • Beta-agonists
  •  Glucose
  • IV fluids

Once the first anaphylactic shock is over, the person must identify the allergen so that he can avoid it in the future and must visit his doctor after every anaphylactic reaction.

Before you Leave!

Anaphylactic shock is a medical emergency and prompt treatment is required. Any delay can cause permanent brain damage and respiratory distress which may prove fatal. So whenever you see someone going into anaphylactic shock, seek medical help immediately or else you may lose that person forever.

Gestational Diabetes: save yourself and your child

Gestational Diabetes article by daily medicos

Gestational diabetes is caused by high blood sugar, it develops during the pregnancy and usually goes away after giving birth to the child. Glucose in the blood is one of the main sources of energy. This normal blood glucose level is less than 100 mg/dl without eating (fasting) and less than 140 mg/dl after eating (random). Glucose also known as blood sugar which is extracted by fruits and food we eat.

Diabetes Mellitus or commonly Diabetes is a common metabolic disease that occurs when blood sugar (glucose) level is high.

There are 2 main types of Diabetes

TYPE 1 DIABETES

Type 1 Diabetes is also known as juvenile diabetes is the first type of diabetes in which our pancreas stops preparing insulin or produces in a very little amount.

In this situation our immune system starts destroying insulin-producing cells in the pancreas and this results in sugar levels increase in the bloodstream. In some cases it is causer by environmental factors and genetic factors.

TYPE 2 DIABETES

This type of diabetes is due to the high sugar levels in the blood and lack of insulin and if little insulin is produced, the body doesn’t use it the way it should be used. The body is not able to carry glucose in the cells and is not capable of metabolizing it. 

It is usually common in adults but now seen in young children too.

What is insulin?

Insulin is a hormone, a peptide hormone produced by the pancreas.

  • It allows body cells to use glucose for energy and to store for future use from carbohydrates and multiple food sources.
  • It also keeps helping our blood glucose (sugar) level from being too high or too low. And also controls the sugar level to its limit.

Now, since all the basics are clear, lets move towards our main topic.

Effects of diabetes on pregnancy

A type of Diabetes that occurs only during pregnancy is known as “GESTATIONAL DIABETES” which means the onset of glucose during pregnancy. This diabetes is not so common but many women pass through this. Women have the chance of developing this condition in the 13 or 14th week of pregnancy.

High sugar level in bloodstream produces the risk of miscarriages, complications in pregnancy and birth defects. It depends on the type of diabetes or it could happen because of genes.

If a pregnant woman experiences it, this increases risks of some serious problems at the time of birth, during trimesters and could harm the fetus and result in congenital anomalies. It also depends on whether it is gestational diabetes or type 2 diabetes pre-existing in the mother. There are no noticeable symptoms of Gestational diabetes during pregnancy, so time to time testing is important. People with a family history of Diabetes Mellitus are mainly at risk, so they should take no chance.

Gestational diabetes is a temporary situation and resolves after the delivery of the baby, but in some conditions if the woman is weak and developed vaginal or Urinary Tract infections (UTIs) or vaginal thrush, it is more likely to have a high risk of type 2 diabetes in future.

During gestational diabetes, a woman gets the likelihood of cesarean or C section delivery, prolonged labor and the ultimate amount of blood loss after giving birth.

Gestational diabetes not only affects the women but also the newborn. The baby will have a higher risk to have breathing issues and low glucose with jaundice.

Risk Factors for Gestational Diabetes

Gestational diabetes is associated with a person if:

  • she is obese before pregnancy
  • has pre-existing diabetes
  • she had gestational diabetes in previous pregnancies
  • she has a family history of type 1 or type 2 diabetes
  • she had vaginal issues or PCOS (polycystic ovarian syndrome)
  • the age of the woman is greater than 35 years
  • BMI (Body Mass Index ) is greater than 30 kg/m3

Symptoms for Gestational Diabetes

There are no particular symptoms for gestational diabetes but some common signs are :

  • Increased thirst
  • Frequent urination
  • Blurred vision
  • Dry mouth
  • Weakness
  • Lack of Energy with tiredness
  • Depression
  • Pre-eclampsia (high BP during pregnancy)
  • Fat deposition

Effects after pregnancy

Woman with Gestational Diabetes should take measures for not developing diabetes further in life which includes:

  • Screening tests for type 2 diabetes after one or two months of baby delivery.
  • Doing exercise to make sure your muscles and blood flow going properly.
  • Taking a safe, healthy and proper diet after pregnancy to overcome the lack.
  • Breastfeeding the baby, can also help the mother burn calories and the baby can get the right amount of nutrients.
  • Daily Monitoring of your sugar level.

Prevention of these steps can develop life long type 2 diabetes for the mother and the baby is more likely to have diabetes in the future or become overweight.

Gestational Diabetes article by daily medicos

Gestational Diabetes risks factors on fetus

As mentioned above that diabetes not only affect woman but it has life long effects on the baby as well which are:

  • Breathing issues
  • Stillbirth (death in the womb after 20 weeks)
  • Early birth 
  • Low sugar level 
  • Obesity later in life 
  • Type 2 diabetes in the future
  • Health complications
  • Birth injuries
  • Excessive weight of fetus
  • Respiratory Distress
  • Cardiovascular issues later
  • Neuropathy 

Tests for Gestational Diabetes

It involves:

Treatments

Treatment includes exercise, change of diet, implementation of low carb intake and in conditions if the doctor prescribes, use of metformin (a medication to control increasing high sugar level in blood). 

Proper monitoring should be done during and after pregnancy for avoiding Gestational diabetes in future life or pregnancies.

Before you Leave!

Gestational Diabetes effects highly, not only the woman but the baby as well. And also increases the chance of developing a high risk of type 2 diabetes in the future and in the baby. So time to time monitoring is required with a safe diet and exercise and a healthy lifestyle.

Osteoporosis can lead to a bone loss

osteoporosis

IN 2015, the international osteoporosis foundation estimated the number of individuals 50+ age with osteoporosis with 20 million in Europe, 3.8 million in France and 5.3 million in Germany in which incidence of fragility fracture rate per year in 2017 is 2.7 million in Europe, 382000 in France, 765000 in Germany. In the world, it mostly occurs 1/3 in women then 1/5 in men.

Osteoporosis is the disorder characterized by the excessive loss of calcium from the bone without replacement, causing a loss in bone density and making bone porous and fragile, making the loss of bone slowly, silently and constantly.

As the bone is a living connective tissue that has the ability to break down older cells and replace by a new one, its called remodeling. It strengthens our bone and protects our organs, but osteoporosis makes our bone fragile and porous like a honeycomb in which holes and spaces are bigger than the normal bone, which is easy to break from falling and in progressive cases from sneeze or cough.

Bones are strengthened and developed from birth to adulthood and in the early 20s bones are in the highest density rate called peak bone mass, which means high rate to make your bone strong and decrease the rate of osteoporosis, because strong bones decline the rate of osteoporosis.

Osteoporosis mostly involves the spine, hip, wrist and knees.

CAUSES OF POROUS BONE

Osteoporosis is an imbalance between molding (break down) and remodeling (replacement) process of the bone. Calcium is the functional unity in the muscular system (smooth muscles, striated and unstriated muscles of the body) and calcium is deposited in the bone which is used by the body for movement.

Vitamin D, also called 25-hydroxyvitamin D or calcidiol, enhances calcium absorption in the gut, helps in maintaining the concentration of calcium and phosphate, and prevents hypocalcemic tetany.

Osteoporosis is the disorder
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Imbalance concentration of calcium and vitamin D can result in osteoporosis and other factors which contribute to imbalance concentration are;

  • Age: aging increases the chance of osteoporosis. After 50 there is high chance of getting osteoporosis.
  • Sex: women are more likely to get osteoporosis than men.
  • Race: white and Asian races are more likely to develop osteoporosis. If you are one of them, then protect yourself!
  • Family history: having a three-generation history of osteoporosis in the family, makes you more at risk.
  • Diet: low calcium intake in life plays a vital role in the development of osteoporosis, which contributes to decreased bone density.
  • Sex hormone: decreased sex hormone level also contributes to osteoporosis. Women after menopause and breast cancer are most likely to develop osteoporosis because of low estrogen levels. Whereas, men after the removal of the prostate gland and older age are also at risk because of low testosterone levels. 
  • Thyroid problem: overproduction of thyroid hormone also causes the loss of bone density because the thyroid hormone stimulates the production of calcium from bone and overproduction means more calcium in blood than in bone which increases porosity.
  • Gastrointestinal surgeries; surgeries related to stomach and intestine contribute to reduce the surface of nutrients absorption including calcium.
  • Steroid medication: long term usage of corticosteroid medication, interrupts the bone-building process. Some medications are like cortisone, and steroid-related to hyperactivity.
  • Other medical conditions: conditions are; inflammatory bowel disease (which interferes with calcium absorption), kidney disease, cancer, rheumatoid arthritis(an inflammatory disorder of joints) and multiple myeloma (accumulation of cancer cells in bone marrow).
  • Resting lifestyle: long term rest with less motion and increased weight are more prone to build osteoporosis.
  • Daily alcohol consumption: research says daily intake of alcohol more than 2 drinks have more risk to develop osteoporosis.

YOU’LL FACE COMPLICATION LIKE

Osteoporosis gives no symptoms initially but later makes dangerous in way of fractures of spine and hip which is also leads to morbidity and mortality especially in older peoples. other than fractures, osteoporosis also associates permanent pain (sharp and may get more worst with time), loss of height, stooped posture also called dowagers hump (make inflexible and weak muscles of the body), also lead to depression.

DIAGNOSING OSTEOPOROSIS

Your doctor will ask you to do a BMD (bone mineral density) test, it is a specialized technique in which X rays are used to detect a small percentage of bone loss. It is usually used to see the spine and hip bone density, but it also measures the density of the whole skeleton; it has different options according to places like;

  • DXA: used for forearm, fingers and heel.
  • SXA: used for heel and wrist.
  • DPA: used for spine, hip and the whole body.
  • QCT: used for spine and hip.

BDM range is equal to 2.5 or lower considered as osteoporosis.

TREATMENT WITH PREVENTION:

Your treatment is decided on the basis of BDM results in which medication, therapy plus prevention corporately work.

  • Medication for osteoporosis:  incense of vitamin D and calcium supplements are usually given to people but others are bis-phosphates (alendronate, etidronate), calcitonin (treat postmenopausal osteoporosis) denosumab.
  • Hormone replacement therapy (HRT): in this therapy estrogen and progesterone are given in combination form to overcome the osteoporosis process and maintain estrogen and progesterone level in blood. Analysis shows a decrease in fragility fracture rate up to 20-35%. Its side effects are CVS, ovarian cancer in rare cases.

Preventions are lifetime which are good for health and day too:

  • Protein intake: Protein is the building block of bone. Vegetables, legumes, low-dairy products, eggs and meat are some sources of protein.
  • Weight: underweight and obesity, both are not good for health, as underweight people are more at risk of bone fracture. Healthy weight according to the height is good for height and health too.
  • Calcium intake: a normal intake of calcium is 1000 milligram a day, which is increased up to 1200 milligrams when women turn to 50 and men 70 years of age. You may take calcium supplements but not too much because it can cause kidney stones.
  • Vitamin D: vitamin D helps the body to absorb calcium and improve bone health. It might get from the sun, as the sunlight is the cheapest source of vitamin D. People with problems like housebound, who live in high altitude and who will have chances to get skin cancer might need vitamin D supplements.
  • Exercise: exercise is the best way to overcome the rate of osteoporosis as it makes you strong and healthy. exercise like weight bearing, running, climbing, cycling, swimming and yoga helps to reduce weight, stress and also the risk of falling.

General questions

Q. What food items we should avoid to stop osteoporosis?

Food with high salt, soft and hard drinks, coffee, tea are some food items that we should avoid to prevent osteoporosis. Fruits, vegetables, meat, fatty fishes are good sources of food which help to recover osteoporosis.

Q. What professional doctors treat osteoporosis?

Endocrinologist, family practitioner, rheumatologist, gynecologist, geriatricians, and internist are some professional doctors who treat osteoporosis.

Q. Is prevention of osteoporosis possible?

The process of osteoporosis can be slowed but cannot be stopped, by eating a healthy diet with calcium and vitamin D, exercise, by adopting a healthy lifestyle and taking medication on time.

Before you Leave!

Osteoporosis is commonly called a silent disease because it does not give symptoms in early life. You should see a doctor when you feel pain in joints after menopause and steroids. It is important to talk to your doctor about the risk, benefits of medicine and therapy that you are taking.

High blood sugar level makes you Diabetic; learn how to deal with Diabetes

Diabetes

Did you know? Diabetes is one of the leading causes of death in the world. About 422 million people worldwide have diabetes, particularly in low-and middle-income countries, and 1.6 million deaths are directly attributed to diabetes each year.

  • Diabetes is a major cause of blindness, kidney failure, heart attacks, stroke and lower limb amputation.
  • Healthy diet, regular physical activity, maintaining a normal body weight and avoiding tobacco use are ways to prevent or delay the onset of type 2 diabetes.
  • Diabetes can be treated and its consequences avoided or delayed with diet, physical activity, medication and regular screening and treatment for complications.

Reference WHO

We heard a lot about diabetes and don’t have full information about why it happens to the people who are diagnosed with the types of diabetes 1 or 2. So here you can deeply understand about what is diabetes, causes, symptoms and it’s treatment. 

What is diabetes Mellitus? 

Diabetes mellitus is not a single disease but it is a group of metabolic disorders which is caused due to increase in high blood sugar level (hyperglycemia) results with the production of insulin, its action and secretion. 

There is no cure for diabetes, people having diabetes manage it by keeping them healthy. 

Types of diabetes 

There are 3 types of diabetes 

1. Type 1 diabetes mellitus

2. Type 2 diabetes mellitus

3. Gestational diabetes 

Type 1 diabetes 

In type 1 diabetes, pancreas produces a small amount of insulin or no insulin. It is a chronic condition that can occur in any age, also called juvenile diabetes. Body is unable to make insulin. 

Bodies of people suffering from type 1 diabetes are unable to process glucose because of very low insulin. Liver and muscle tissues store extra glucose, it releases energy when you need it in the time or exercise, between meals, fast, and sleep. 

Symptoms of type 1 Diabetes

Symptoms of type 1 diabetes are mentioned below; 

● Rapid weight loss in very short period 

● Increase of hunger 

● Not seeing things properly 

● Increase of thirst 

● Excessive urination 

● Fatigue 

● Night sweats 

● Hair loss 

● Fruity beats 

● Swelling of ankles 

What are the complications developed in type 1? 

diabetes

Without insulin it develops severe complications like coma and ketoacidosis which means the body is producing high levels of blood acids known as ketones and its symptoms are; 

● Rapid breathing 

● Dry skin 

● Dry mouth 

● Nausea 

● Vomiting 

● Stomach pain 

● Skin infection 

Other complications include heart problems, kidney problems, feet problems and wound healing. 

Type 2 diabetes 

Type 2 diabetes can be developed slowly. Insulin is a natural hormone that pancreas produces and releases when you take a meal. It is a chronic condition, glucose is the fuel for the body. 

It is also known as adult onset diabetes but nowadays it also occurs in children as well. Type 2 diabetes in uncurable. The person has to survive it with a healthy living. Its symptoms can be mild. 

Symptoms of type 2 diabetes 

Following symptoms occur in type 2; 

● Patches on the skin 

● Excessive weight loss 

● Urinary tract infection 

● Blurred vision 

● Unusual breaths 

● Low energy level 

● Dry mouth 

● Slow healing of wounds 

If blood glucose level remains high for a very long time, it causes yeast infection, numbness of extremity, foot pain etc. 

What are the complications developed in type 2? 

diabetes

Some people can manage type 2 diabetes. If you do not take care of yourself properly, it can damage your organs and causes serious complications, such as; 

● Damage your nerves 

● Kidney failure 

● Cardiovascular problem 

● Obesity 

● Increase risk of eye diseases 

● Bacterial and fungal infection on your skin 

● Hearing problem 

● Sleep apnea 

Prevention against type 1 and 2 diabetes 

You can’t prevent it because you can’t change your age and genes. All you can do for diabetes is change your lifestyle, exercise regularly, avoid sitting for a long time, go for a walk for 30 mins, lose your weight, take medication. This will keep your blood sugar level in normal range. 

diabetes

What is meant by pre-diabetic? 

Pre-diabetic means you have a higher than normal blood sugar level, it can be curable through diet, medications, exercise. It’s not higher to consider it type 2 diabetes if you don’t take it seriously, it can be changed into type 2 diabetes. Family history and genetics can play an important role in development of type 2 diabetes. 

What is gestational diabetes? 

It occurs when blood sugar levels are high in pregnancy, it can affect your pregnancy and your baby’s health. It can be returned normally after the delivery but causes a risk of having type 2 diabetes. Symptoms are unnoticeable. 

When to see a doctor? 

When you notice excessive urination and loss of energy you should go to your doctor. He will recommend a test HbA1C, FPG (fasting plasma glucose) and OGTT (oral glucose tolerance test) 

How to Diagnose diabetes? 

diabetes

HbA1C, FPG, OGTT result shows the diagnosis. Normal blood glucose range is 75 to 125 mg/dL. Diagnosis is made when the blood glucose level is increased. 

The person is said to be pre diabetic when fasting glucose concentration is greater than 100mg/dL but less than 12mg/dL and OGTT values are greater than 140mg/dL but less than 200mg/dL. 

Ranges are; 

1. Random glucose concentration greater than 200mg/dL

2. Fasting glucose concentration greater than 126mg/dL

3. Oral glucose tolerance test in which the glucose concentration is greater than 200mg/dL in hours after taking carbs. 

Treatment for diabetes 

As we know that it is chronic and uncurable we have to survive with it for the rest of life by taking a healthy diet, walking, taking insulin, avoiding sweets, need to be relaxed, take sulfonylureas, metformin, meglitinides etc. medication on time. 

Why diabetic patients need insulin? 

Insulin replaces natural hormones your body is missing. If you are diabetic your body does not make insulin and your body is releasing insulin throughout the day. It is given to type 1 and 2 diabetic patients whose daily requirements are not fulfilled by other medications. 

What to ask from your doctor? 

1. What is my A1C now? 

2. What should be the ideal A1C? 

3. Is this treatment helpful for achieving my goal? 

4. I’m following all your orders so why is my A1C becoming low? 

Migraine Headache: Causes, Symptoms, Treatment

Migraine
  • A primary headache disorder.
  • Migraine most often begins at puberty and most affects those aged between 35 and 45 years.
  • It is more common in women, usually by a factor of about 2:1, because of hormonal influences.
  • It is caused by the activation of a mechanism deep in the brain that leads to release of pain-producing inflammatory substances around the nerves and blood vessels of the head.
  • Migraine is recurrent, often life-long, and characterized by recurring attacks.

Reference WHO

What is Migraine?

Migraine is a very common medical condition. It is a chronic headache disorder which affects one-half of the head. Headache is recurrent, throbbing and pulsatile in nature. In some people it follows an aura (perceptual disturbance/visual disturbance). Other associations include abdominal symptoms and sensitivities to sound and light. 

Who is more prone to suffer from migraine?

History of migraine dates back to 1500 BC. Each year it affects 15% of the population universally i.e. around 1 billion people. It is said that about 25% of the people will suffer from migraine at some point in their lives. Being slightly less common in African and Asian countries, it affects 6%-18% of the population in the United States and other Western countries. In Europe, 28% people suffer from migraine headache every year.

Age is also a key factor here as it starts between 15 to 24 years of age and typically occurs in 35 to 45 years of age. Before puberty, it is more common in males than females. But after adolescence it occurs more frequently in females than males with a ratio of about 3:1

What causes Migraine Headache?

A number of causes have been proposed but its exact underlying cause remains unknown. Following are a few possible triggers:

  • Genetic factors can be responsible here as migraine headaches run in families and about two-third of the cases are familial cases.
  • Environmental factors such as nature or quality of ambient sound and lighting 
  • Foods have also been reported as a cause by many people (e.g. following intake of monosodium glutamate, chocolate, dairy products, alcohol etc.)
  • Certain physiological processes like fatigue, stress, hunger, menopause, pregnancy etc.

How long does migraine last?

Duration varies. It may last from a few hours to 3 days.

What are the different kinds of Migraine?

Migraine headaches are of seven types. If you are a migraine sufferer, discern which kind of migraine you have.

  • Common Migraine: More common in females. Only headache, no aura.
  • Classic Migraine: More frequent in males. Headache followed by an aura.
  • Retinal Migraine: Headache associated with visual disturbance and sometimes even transient blindness of an eye.
  • Complication of Migraine: Associated with any brain lesion, unusually long and infrequent headache.
  • Abdominal Migraine: Cyclical vomiting, nausea, vertigo cause migraine headaches.
  • Probable Migraine: Headache present but absence of sufficient evidence to call it migraine.
  • Chronic Migraine: Headache lasts for a very long period ranging from 15 days to more than three months.

Symptoms of Migraine Headache:

The most common symptoms of migraine are:

  • Intense pulsating in half head
  • Blurred vision
  • Sensitivities to bright lights and loud noises
  • Numbness in hands and feet
  • Nausea
  • Vomiting

All these symptoms get worse after any physical activity.

Migraine headache occurs in episodes and has 4 phases. It’s not necessary that one will experience all four phases.

  • Prodrome: It occurs hours or even days before headache. During this phase you may have following symptoms:
  • Fatigue
  • Irritability
  • Constipation/Diarrhea 
  • Depression/Euphoria
  • Muscle stiffness
  • Altered mood
  • Aura: It occurs before or during headache and may last from minutes to about an hour. Its symptoms are:
  • Blurred vision
  • Transient blindness of one eye
  • Numbness
  • Tingling
  • Loss of position sense
  • Loss of a part of field of vision
  • Auditory hallucinations
  • Pain Phase: This is the headache phase. In children it lasts for an hour while in adults it lasts from 4 to 72 hours. Other symptoms during this phase are:
  • Blurred vision
  • Nausea
  • Sense of world spinning
  • Sensitivity to light and sound
  • Postdrome: It’s the hungover phase which occurs after a headache. You may experience weakness, depression or euphoria, abdominal symptoms etc.

How to treat and manage migraine headache?

Management and prevention includes lifestyle changes, dietary/nutritional supplements, medications and surgeries.

Our goal here is to reduce pain and other symptoms. The earlier you take medications the more effective they will be.

Medications include:

  • Aspirin, paracetamol, Ibuprofen, caffeine (Analgesics)
  • Sumatriptin (For pain and nausea)
  • Beta blockers are the first line treatment (propranolol, metoprolol)
  • Topiramate
  • Gabapentin
  • Pregabalin
  • Timolol
  • Amitriptyline
  • Eptinezumab, pertuzumab (Anti-calcitonin gene-related peptide)

For those who do not show any improvement after medication, migraine surgery is available. In this surgery nerves around the head and neck region are decompressed which improves the symptoms.

Botulinum toxin (Botox) has also been found to be as of a great benefit.

Effective household remedies to treat Migraine:

The following alternative remedies have proven to be effective in minimizing the symptoms of migraine headache. 

  • Acupuncture
  • Ginger
  • Yoga and massage
  • Essential oils (lavender) 
  • Magnesium supplements
  • Vitamin B complex intake
  • Biofeedback therapy
  • Herbs (Butterbur)
  • Adequate hydration
  • Good sleep
migraine

TAKE AWAY!

Though migraine is a benign condition it does affect the effectiveness and productivity of the sufferers. Hence by taking preventive measures such as regular sleep patterns, avoidance of triggers and proper medications you can prevent and minimize the frequency of headaches and live a true gleeful life.

Smoking: a cause of several life threatening diseases!

smoking kills daily medicos blog

What does smoking mean? 

Smoking is the act of inhaling and exhaling the fumes of tobacco or drugs. Tobacco contains nicotine and it is a very common plant. It contains alkaloids which are addictive. Cigarettes, smoking, and pipes are the source of smoking. 

Nicotine can be dangerous at very high dosage. It easily passes through lungs into the bloodstream. 

Why do people smoke? 

They can smoke for any reason which can affect their health. Many people start smoking when they are in their teenage such as; 

For looking cool: most of the teenagers start smoking for a desire to look cool because it is a mature act so, they also want to look mature. They don’t have any life experiences but adopt and copy by their surroundings. 

Due to social circle: when people are going to parties, outings etc they start smoking unintentionally for not being addictive. Some other people present in the surrounding encourage them to smoke due to social acceptance. 

Stress level: people smoke to get rid of their mental and physical stress because they don’t have any control on their nerves so they want cigarettes and frequently smoke until the stress reduces. 

Emotions: when people mostly boys of teenage can’t control their emotions such as love, anger etc. In this time most of the teenagers think they are right and all the people in their surroundings are their enemies. When they can’t control their emotions they start smoking. 

Due to family: as we know children adopt and learn from their families too. When they see their younger brother, father or any other relative smoking they adopt it because he knows that no one can check him for smoking. 

Effects of smoking on health 

Smoking harms your entire body badly such as; 

Respiratory diseases: smoking causes lung diseases which damages your alveoli, found in lungs. Following are the respiratory conditions due to smoking; 

1. Bronchitis: when your bronchial tubules which carry air to your lungs inflamed cause cough.

2. Emphysema: when alveoli are damaged they cause shortness of breathing.

3. Pneumonia: inflammation of air sacs present in lungs cause infection in lungs because of viruses, bacteria and fungi. In this condition alveoli is filled with fluid and pus which causes shortness of breathing.

4. COPD (Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease): also called smokers disease because it is common in smokers and causes breathing problems.

5. Chronic bronchitis: in this condition people develop long term cough with mucus. Children suffer more than adults, reducing child growth and function. 

Cardiovascular diseases: smoking damages your entire cardiovascular system. If people smoke more than 5 cigarettes per days causes cardiovascular problems which include; 

1. Increased blood pressure

2. Risk of stroke

3. Increases blood clotting 

The heart risk increases more when you already have any heart surgery and don’t stop smoking. 

Digestive diseases: smoking causes serious conditions in the digestive system. Person who smoked but not inhaled it causes mouth cancer including lips, tongue, gums etc. Some other conditions are as follows; 

1. Esophagus cancer

2. Throat cancer

3. Larynx cancer

4. Pancreatic cancer 

Reproductive diseases: smoking also affects the reproductive system of male and females. It can decrease your sexual performance and also lowers your sexual desires. 

Skin diseases: smoking can affect your skin, hair and nails. It causes risk of skin cancer, nail infection and hair loss. 

Does smoking affect a pregnant woman? 

Yes it also affects the pregnant woman when she smokes the toxin present in cigarettes. Toxins are passed through the fetus which develops lung infection in infants. Smoker women also experience miscarriage or infertility. Infants also suffer with low initial growth, premature birth, low weight etc. 

smoking

Other conditions of smoking

 Here are some additional diseases caused by smoking:

● Bladder cancer 

● Kidney cancer 

● Ureter cancer 

● cervix cancer 

● Liver cancer 

● Colorectal cancer 

● Yellow teeth 

● Unusual breath 

How to quit smoking? 

Quitting smoking can save you from many diseases, especially cardiovascular in just 12 months. Your smoking just not only affects you, it also affects your family’s health as well. So decide to quit smoking. Decide it once and for all that you are not going to touch cigarettes again for sake of your health and for your family.

Here are some tips that’ll help you quit smoking: 

● Take nicotine replacement therapy. 

● Eat gums 

● Take inhalers 

● Take smoking cessation medicines 

● Take therapies 

Before you Leave!

Smoking is injurious to health and causes death. It also causes severe diseases like heart, respiratory, skin etc. Promise yourself to quit smoking for your better health by taking therapies, medication, gums, inhalers etc. Pregnant women should avoid smoking because it affects their baby’s life. 

Heart Diseases: Earliest Signs of Heart diseases

heart disease daily medicos

Heart Disease is any condition that affects your heart such as coronary artery diseases and arrhythmias leading to heart failure. It is the leading cause of death in both, male and females.

Nowadays in this busy lifestyle, people don’t have time for them. They take some signals as a throwaway thing which can be sometimes lethal and dangerous too. 

Some signals like SOB, chest pains, fatigue, cough (dry or with mucus), but these signals lead to many disorders like congestive heart failure, lung cancer, stenosis, pulmonary embolism and tuberculosis.

One of the signs mentioned above leads to a death causing disease which is worldwide common and many of the deaths occur due to this, named as Heart failure. This means that the heart is not fulfilling the body needs, impair pumping, impair electrical activity and supplying a reduced amount of blood to the body.

Your personalized doctor will start the diagnosis by your personal and your family’s medical history. It is further followed by recorded history about current and past symptoms. Disturbance of your cholesterol levels and other substances in your blood can tell you about your health.

CRP (C-reactive protein) tests are also important for assessing the risks of your heart disorders. This protein is responsible for signs of inflammation.

What can be the earliest signs of Heart Failure?

The early signs of heart failure are: 

• Fatigue

• Dyspnea

• Irregular heart beating

• Reduced ejection fraction (% of blood pump out) i.e. < 40% 

• Swelling

• Weakness

• Sweating

• Cough/Wheezing

• Reduced ability to exercise or work

Heart disease leads to kidney dysfunctioning, which also gives rise to edeme (swelling in tissues) and retention of salt and water which can be lethal in ways.

 As our main topic is how to diagnose or analyze your heart going into failure or getting infarct.

Types of Heart Failure

There are three types of heart failure which are:

  • Left sided heart failure
  • Right sided heart failure
  • Congestive heart failure

LEFT SIDED HEART FAILURE

Left sided or Left Ventricular HF means the Left Ventricle needs more power to pump blood all over the body. It is of 2 types i.e.

  • Heart failure with reduced Ejection Fraction, also called “Systolic Failure” which means the heart can’t push enough blood for circulation.
  • Heart Failure with preserved Ejection Fraction, also known as “Diastolic Failure” which means the heart can’t fill enough blood between resting periods.

RIGHT SIDED HEART FAILURE

Right side HF is due to the right side of the heart losing its power to backup used blood from all body organs. This condition causes swelling and ascites.

CONGESTIVE HEART FAILURE

It is due to slow blood flow and backing up of blood through veins and causing swelling and congestion in body tissues. Sometimes when a situation gets bad this blood sets in lungs and thus results in above mentioned respiratory symptoms and further is distress.

For this you’ve to get yourself examined by a healthcare provider and then refer to the professional for the Confirmation.

The Diagnosis of Heart Failure is mainly confirmed by ECG (Electro Cardio Gram) and various blood tests which show whether you have any other infection.

What is an ECG? 

ECG is a procedure which is used to identify the rhythm of your heart.

ECG records your electrical activity and checks for the problems going on in your heart. It can also be monitored on a screen or give an output strip for the examination.

What if ECG triggers a dysfunction?

If the ECG gives any clue towards heart failure or infarction with irregular patterns and arrhythmias we further move on to Echocardiography.

What is Echocardiography?

Echocardiography or echo is known as a procedure for determining cardiac infarction. It is an ultrasonic scan which uses heart sound waves to examine the heart.

Heart failure related to systolic dysfunction often easily diagnosed by Echo.

Echo is considered the most useful diagnostic technique for the patients of heart failure and post heart attacks. Sometimes echo is combined with Doppler ultrasound and color Doppler to check blood flow in valves and to examine whether it is stenosed or not.

In some ways, chest Xray is also helpful to add on the diagnosis of Heart Failure; to examine heart size and to examine the fluid in pleural space or lungs.

The diagnosis varies from person to person as per the stages and symptoms, some have early and some come with episodes of post myocardial attacks in which doctor decides early or stage determined treatments.

The stages are described as classes which are

  • CLASS 1: No symptoms with normal physical activity
  • CLASS 2: Normal physical activity shows up with symptoms
  • CLASS 3: Minore physical activity with symptoms
  • CLASS 4: Unable to continue physical activity with discomfortness and symptoms when resting.

These classes are associated with severity of pain and episodes of attacks and the diagnosis is done by examining the above factors with the tests.

After assessing and examining above parameters, multiple tests are followed which are:

STRESS TEST

The stress test requires ETT i.e. Exercise Tolerance Test which is used to examine your strenuous activity and also to monitor your stress level and to see the body’s reaction and increment of heart rate. This test is done by advising you to run on a treadmill or walk.

CAROTID ULTRASOUND

This ultrasound is done for examining if there is any plaque formation in carotid arteries and examination for risks of strokes.

HOLTER MONITOR

Holter monitors are used as a portable device for monitoring your heart and checking for the progress or presence of episodes of strokes/attacks. This machine shows continuous ECG patterns. The patient is asked to wear this. It is also used for monitoring the abnormal heart rate and irregular patterns. It triggers Arrhythmias and disturbs the heartbeat.

HEART MRI

In this test magnetic and radio waves pass through your heart and create images of your heart beating. This test is done for finding the heart muscle disease or coronary artery effects.

TILT TABLE TEST

This is a test which is performed by the heart patients if they had fainted. This test monitors your Blood pressure, heart rate, Oxygen Level. This technique works by the patient has to lie on a table which moves from horizontal plane to vertical and gives results which determine the cause of fainting.

CHEST X RAY

Imaging studies is also helpful in heart disease diagnosis, showing up if there is cardiomegaly (enlargement of heart) or the cause of Shortness of Breath

AIRBORNE DISEASES : Be careful from these

airborne disease control mask

The disease which does not require any medium but air to travel and affect someone by breathing those particles, such type of illnesses are called AIRBORNE DISEASES.

These airborne particles can be either dry particles or can be droplets like mucus or secretions by cough.

It can be spread when people who have infections; cough, spit or sneeze in air. From there they are carried by air and affect the person with either low immunity or having favorable environments.

After inhaling these airborne pathogens, they start mutating inside you and start producing infections. They have the ability to make us ill. Sometimes these airborne particles settle down on surfaces and people catch them by touching, sitting or eating contaminated things. 

How are these airborne diseases transmitted?

These types of diseases which are due to airborne particles are hard to control. These particles are transmitted through breathing as well as direct person to person and person to animal; being a host and containing the virus, bacteria or any pathogenic organism. Airborne diseases not just affect humans but also the animals. These infections can not be controlled easily as they are carried by air and surfaces. They can easily be transmitted by touching your face, eyes, nose , shaking hands and touching clothes or other contaminated objects.

What are the factors responsible ?

Another factor for airborne diseases is weather. Whenever a virus or bacteria gets favorable weather and conditions, it starts mutating and producing. Many diseases are connected with seasons, and come over by them.

Just like the rainy season plays a role in spreading airborne particles. As the humidity level makes the particles travel easily.

Another factor is unhygienic food or unclean places. Like dust on the table increases ventilatory issues and nasal congestion. Some places have water and water is one of the important ways to transmit diseases. When that water evaporates, it carries germs with them.

Flies also carry those germs by sitting on those places and contaminated water. 

DISEASES CAUSED BY AIRBORNE PARTICLES

Wide range of diseases are caused by airborne pathogens, some of them are :

COVID-19 or CORONAVIRUS

Sudden pandemic wide spreading disease around is NOVEL CORONAVIRUS. It is a type of SARS (Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome) Virus. The main reason for spreading this virus is direct contact with the infected person as the symptoms are shown in 7 to 14 days. The information on this disease is being updated time by time.

Symptoms for this virus are flu, cough, fever, fatigue, weakness and difficulty in breathing.

COMMON COLD 

Cold is caused by Rhinovirus. This cold is seasonal sometimes to many people.

In winters many people get affected by common cold which further develops another disease which leads to death. This cold sometimes weakens the immune system which is a platform for many harmful diseases.

INFLUENZA

Everybody around the globe comes to have the “FLU” , anytime or sometimes seasonally. There are types of flu which depend on whether the person is healthy, has any hidden disease or just recovered from a disease and so the effects of flu also varies. It spreads so easily as the particles are light and airborne. It spreads from person to person and keeps developing difficulties to drop immunity.

CHICKEN POX 

Chickenpox is caused by varicella virus. After getting this virus you start getting itchy telltale rashes on your body.

Many people get this infection once in their lifetime. It can also be spread by person to person contact.

This disease can also re-active after years and triggers a painful illness called “Shingles”. It can be complicated into infections like pne and multiple skin infections.

MEASLES 

Measles is one of the leading causes for child deaths all over the world. It is a contagious disease for crowded places. The rash of measles shows up in 4 days after developing. The symptoms followed by rashes are red eyes, sore throat fever and cough.

MUMPS 

A huge type of viral infection which affects salivary glands. This condition has no noticeable symptoms, other than occurring swollen cheeks, pain in ear, facial pain and pain in jaw.

Not getting it treated might give rise to dangerous complications like meningitis (spinal cord inflammation), encephalitis (brain inflammation), orchitis (swelling in testicles) and gradually, loss of hearing.

TUBERCULOSIS 

Known as TB. This is an airborne disease and spreads easily if you have close contact time for a long period with an infected person. This weakens the immune system which develops risks of multiple diseases.

This bacteria directly attacks lungs and lymph nodes. It takes years to develop this condition fully.

Prevention from Airborne Diseases

airborne disease

Prevention from air spreading diseases is simple and everyone should make a habit to make lifestyle better. 

Although, still it’s possible to get these infections as they travel by air but by taking following measures we can lower the risk of affection. Some of the important measures to implement during normal routine are :

  • Avoiding close contact with infected people or who show symptoms of diseases or who recently recovered from any re-emerging illness.
  • If you’re sick, stay home and don’t let it spread. Even distance from your family.
  • Wear a mask to prevent it spread by talking or coughing or sneezing.
  • Wash hands thoroughly to prevent it from spreading by shaking hands or touching any surface.

Major diseases are prevented by vaccines as they play a big role and stop the bacteria from rising like vaccines for measles, mumps, chickenpox and influenza are available whose shots can protect not just children but adults too.

Many of the infectious virus gets inactive or dead by the direct exposure of sunlight i.e. UV rays, so airborne diseases are less reactive in summers but infectious in humidity.

After taking these preventions, we should prevent these by spreading information through campaigns to low grade areas and provide max vaccinations in those areas to the people.

Schools, colleges should also provide health activities and information regarding these infections and perform multiple activities with the students like hand washing, face covering awareness and keeping yourself and your place clean.

Before you Leave!

For preventing people from getting airborne affected by keeping our immune systems strong, by resting, getting adequate amounts of sleep. By having a good amount of Oxygen/fresh air and good hygiene full of vitamins and proteins and cleaning surroundings also cope up with such diseases.

Recover as fast with these and avoid contact with infected persons or if you have any symptoms or illness, try to maintain distance and not to spread these kinds of infections. 

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Iron Deficiency Anemia: Are You Iron deficient?

iron deficiency article by daily medicos

Are you suffering from iron deficiency but also get hesitant to take it as a supplement? Let’s have a brief view about it.

Iron deficiency anemia is a common type of anemia. In this, You body loses adequate number of red blood cells required to keep your daily activities going. These cells, Red blood cells, carry oxygen to tissues.  Iron deficiency anemia is due to insufficient iron

Does Iron have any direct relation with the Blood? 

Yes, iron does have a direct relation with blood and that’s the reason we term it as a vital mineral. 

Minerals are the inorganic elements present in the diet. Usually, they do not supply any energy but their role in diet is equally important for maintaining proper growth of the body like Na, Mg, K, Cl, etc. 

But when we talk about iron, it is playing some major role, without which normal functioning of the body cannot be supposed. It is involved in the formation of hemoglobin, a protein that functions to transport the oxygen. Hemoglobin can bind four oxygen molecules at a time and also gives the blood its characteristic bright red color. 

Any slight change in the concentration of iron, either excessive concentration or deficiencies can directly be related to blood disease like Anemia. 

Normal Ranges of Iron

The amount of iron required for a human body varies with the age and gender of an individual. Men need 8 mg of iron per day. In general, women need 

  • 18 mg of iron per day until the age of 50 
  • 8 mg of iron per day after the age of 50 
  • 27 mg of iron per day during pregnancy 
  • 9 mg of iron per day when lactating 

To fulfill the deficiency of iron in the body, the physician or pharmacist can prescribe iron supplements to the individual to maintain the normal level or iron in the body. 

How can I detect Iron deficiency by myself? 

As we discussed earlier that iron has a direct relation with the blood, so a blood test is performed to confirm its deficiency. However, an individual can himself also detect whether he is at a risk of anemia or not, because some of the symptoms of iron deficiency are very general and observable by a common man. These symptoms include: 

● Pale skin 

● Hair loss 

● Fatigue 

● Sores at the corner of the mouth 

● Dizziness 

Let’s move towards the relationship with the appearance of symptoms with the low iron level. The hemoglobin, red pigmentation of blood, is not only giving red color to the blood cells, but is also maintaining the normal skin tone. Low iron levels make the skin lose its rosy-pink color that leads towards paler skin. 

Now, let’s move towards other deficiency symptoms like dizziness and fatigue. Because low levels of iron are the leading cause of anemia and improper blood, or we can say inadequate oxygen supply to the muscles and other parts of the body. It will create hindrance in the normal functioning and as a result individuals may suffer from tiredness, laziness, dizziness or fatigue. 

So what if we take excess iron on a daily basis?

Despite the vital functions of iron, its excessive concentration can lead to serious side effects including: 

  • Stomach cramps                 
  • Nausea
  • Diarrhea                                          
  • Black stools 
  • Stomach bloating

Toxicity related to Iron 

Excessive iron uploading in the body is known as hemochromatosis. It may be a result of accidental ingestion of iron supplements tablets and some life-threatening issues may happen like:

  •  Gastroenteritis that is inflammation of GI 
  •  Shock 
  •  Metabolic acidosis that is a sudden decline of pH of blood or acidic pH 
  •  Coma 

Why does Iron cause gastrointestinal discomfort? 

In most of the cases, it is observed that patients taking iron supplements seem to make complaints about abdominal discomfort like abdominal bloating or improper digestion or black stools. The reason is that iron is poorly absorbed in the body and it can form free radicals that can damage the intestinal wall as well as stomach. 

Is there any way to subside the side effects? 

You should not be more upset about thinking of the side effects as every problem has a solution. The best way to minimize harmful and unwanted effects of iron is to take it orally in an empty stomach. As it is poorly absorbed but in the empty stomach there will be no chances of interaction of food with iron resulting in proper and maximum absorption through gastrointestinal tract. It is better to take in the evening or 1 to 2 hours before any meal so that it has enough time for its absorption. 

Some general queries by the readers 

Is a low level of iron the only cause of anemia? 

The answer is NO. As there are some other types of anemia also existing depending on various factors and iron is one of them. 

Q: Is iron and folic acid the same? 

The answer is NO. Iron is a mineral while folic acid is vitamin B9. They may be present in combination in the formulation of iron supplements. 

Before you Leave!

This article summed up the basic information regarding daily usage of iron supplements and aims to remove the misconception for the general public that iron can’t be taken in excessive doses. While exhibiting its minor and general side effects it can lead towards some serious toxicity, therefore consider the suggestion of your concerned family physician and pharmacist.