Bumps On Gums: 7 Causes Of Bumps on Gums & Their Treatments

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The bumps on gums are also known as gum abscesses, they are a common occurrence and are usually harmless, so you generally don’t have anything to worry about. Here are 7 reasons why you may have bumps on your gums:

  1. Canker sores
  2. Oral  Thrush
  3. Cyst
  4. Periodontal abscess 
  5. Fibroma
  6. Mandibular Torus
  7. Oral Cancer

Anything out of the ordinary can often prove to be alarming and can lead us to panic easily.

List of 7 Causes Of Bumps on Gums & Their Treatments

 In this article, we will help you identify the type of bump on your gums, what you can do to treat them, and whether or not they are an indication of a serious problem. 

1. Canker Sores

Did you know? Around 20% of people part of a population are likely to get canker sores, which means that your chances of developing a canker sore are one out of five. They are mouth ulcers that form at the base of your gum and are usually small round and can be quite painful. But they are harmless which is why you shouldn’t often be concerned about them as they are self-limiting, as they heal without treatment. 

Treatment For Canker Sores:

To treat your canker sores at home you country using over-the-counter analgesics to relieve the pain. Other than that it is commonly advised to use emollients and antiseptic agents for treating canker sores.

If your sore isn’t healing and has been around for more than 10 days, you should consult a dentist. 

2. Oral Thrush

Oral thrush is also known as candidiasis is a yeast infection that occurs due to the overgrowth of a yeast known as candida. Oral thrush may look like white bumps or patches on the inside of the cheek, tongue, roof of your mouth, or on your gums.

An oral thrush includes symptoms such as redness and soreness in the mouth, it can also lead to loss of taste and result in pain while swallowing.

Oral thrush is also usually harmless but like any other infection if proper care and oral hygiene aren’t practiced it can cause the yeast to multiply which can be dangerous. 

Treatment For Oral Thrush:

The simple treatment of Oral thrush includes the application of antifungal medication such as clotrimazole, nystatin, and miconazole.

But if these medications are ineffective a doctor is likely to prescribe antifungal tablets.

3. Cyst

Dental cysts from around your gums and they usually look like a bubble filled with air or other soft materials such as liquid. They usually form around dead teeth or areas where teeth haven’t developed properly. 

A few of the symptoms of cysts are that there is swelling around the gum and often people experience pressure around their teeth. It can also cause intense pain in the teeth and the area surrounding them.

Treatment for Cyst:

It is best advised for people who have dental cysts to visit their dentist to avoid any mishaps in the future as a cyst can weaken the bones around the teeth, and it can become infected. If things take a turn for the worse they can also result in tooth loss.

A dentist is likely to take an MRI scan or X-ray to accurately locate the cyst in your mouth and can choose to follow one of the following treatments based on what’s best for you:

  • Surgery
  • Tooth Extraction
  • Endodontic therapy

4. Periodontal Abscess 

An abscess on the gums is known as a periodontal abscess. It is caused by the accumulation of pus within the gums. The collection of pus is often triggered by bacterial infections in the mouth.

It can be very painful. A periodontal abscess may feel like a soft and warm bump. It can cause pain not only in the affected area but the pain can also spread to your jaws and neck and often tends to get worse when you’re laying down. 

Treatment for Periodontal Abscess:

The best treatment for the periodontal abscess is to visit a dentist so that he can identify and remove the infection and drain the pus in your mouth. The dentist can carry out this procedure in three different ways such as:

  • Incision and drainage
  • Root Canal
  • Tooth Extraction

You must visit your dentist because this type of abscess can result in gum diseases and form deep gaps between the gum and your teeth which can lead to further accumulation of bacteria.

5. Fibroma

An oral fibroma consists of bumps that can grow to be a millimeter of several centimeters in size. The bumps are often white or pink. They are tumor-like bumps that grow on the injured or irritated gum tissue.

They are painless bumps that can grow on different areas in your mouth such as the inner cheek or the roof of the mouth. 

Treatment For Fibroma:

Fibroma is often harmless and doesn’t require treatment. But if it is large and bothersome it is best to visit a dentist so that it can be surgically removed.

A dentist may as a precaution further analyze it for the presence of cancerous cells.

6. Mandibular Torus

A mandibular torus consists of bony lumps that grow on either the upper or lower jaw. They are a relatively common cause of a bump appearing on your gums but doctors are still unsure regarding what may cause it. It can appear alone or in a group and tends to grow slowly. It can take a variety of shapes and is hard and smooth to touch.

Treatment For Mandibular Torus:

A mandibular torus doesn’t require treatment, but it is best if your dentist monitors its growth during routine check-ups. And if it becomes too large and begins interfering with your speech and your basic oral activities a dentist may remove it surgically.

7. Oral Cancer

Oral cancer is when any part of your oral cavity including your gums develops cancer. It can be indicated by the help of symptoms such as thickening of the skin, lumps, and small growth on your gums.

It can result in a bleeding sore and is likely to trouble you in chewing and swallowing and may also cause pain during such oral activities. It may also lead to a sore throat and cause you to lose teeth.

Treatment For Oral Cancer:

If you are suspicious that the bump on your gums can be cancerous it is required for you to visit the dentist. A dentist can check for any abnormalities during the routine check-up over-the-counter and may ask you to follow up with a doctor for a thorough examination.

The doctor will perform a gum biopsy where a small tissue from the bump is taken to examine it for cancerous cells. And if it does contain cancerous cells the doctors advised treatment plan for it may consist of:

  • Surgery
  • Radiation Therapy
  • Chemotherapy


To summarize, bumps on the gum are often harmless and can be remedied at home, with over-the-counter medicine, or by simply waiting for it to naturally heal without any treatment. Having said that, it is also necessary to rule out serious conditions and this task is better left for the professionals to do. So if you are worried about the bumps on your gums you should visit your dentist early to avoid worse circumstances in the future.

Some of these bumps have better outcomes if proper treatment is given early, especially in cases of oral cancer and a dental abscess that require medical attention.