People can catch COVID-19 from others who have the virus. The disease can spread from person to person through small droplets of cough and sneeze from the nose or mouth.
People can catch COVID-19 if they breathe in droplets from a person with COVID-19 who coughs out or exhales droplets. This is why it is important to stay more than 1 meter (3 feet) away from a person who is sick.
The disease can spread from person to person through small droplets from the nose or mouth which are spread when a person with COVID-19 coughs or exhales.
Cough or sneeze droplets land on objects and surfaces around the person. People catch COVID-19 by touching the objects or surfaces that have droplets, then touching their eyes, nose or mouth.
Frequently Asked Questions
Older persons and persons with pre-existing medical conditions (such as high blood pressure, heart disease, lung disease, cancer or diabetes) appear to develop serious illness more often than others.
No. Antibiotics do not work against viruses, they only work on bacterial infections. COVID-19 is caused by a virus, so antibiotics do not work. Antibiotics should not be used as a means of prevention or treatment of COVID-19.
Only wear a mask if
- You are ill with upper or lower respiratory symptoms (especially coughing)
- Looking after someone who have upper or lower respiratory symptoms.
The most effective ways to protect yourself and others against COVID-19 are to frequently clean your hands, cover your cough with the bend of elbow or tissue and maintain a distance of at least 1 meter (3 feet) from people who are coughing or sneezing.
Corona virus (including preliminary information on the COVID-19 virus) may persist on surfaces for a few hours or up to several days (5 hours to 9 days). This may vary under different conditions (e.g. type of surface, temperature or humidity of the environment).
Real time PCR in nasopharyngeal and oropharyngeal swab. No other test like serology in blood is recommended.
Remember, a mask should only be used by health workers, care takers, and individuals with respiratory symptoms, such as fever and cough.
Before touching the mask, clean hands with an alcohol-based hand rub or soap and water
Take the mask and inspect it for tears or holes.
Orient which side is the top side (where the metal strip is).
Ensure the proper side of the mask faces outwards (the coloured side).
Place the mask to your face. Pinch the metal strip or stiff edge of the mask so it moulds to the shape of your nose.
Pull down the mask’s bottom so it covers your mouth and your chin.
After use, take off the mask; remove the elastic loops from behind the ears while keeping the mask away from your face and clothes, to avoid touching potentially contaminated surfaces of the mask.
Discard the mask in a closed bin immediately after use.
Perform hand hygiene after touching or discarding the mask – Use alcohol-based hand rub or, if visibly soiled, wash your hands with soap and water.