Truncal Obesity is a sign of some major disturbance in the health status of an individual
Truncal obesity or central obesity represents excessive fat and it possesses some serious causes that need to be addressed before moving towards truncal obesity treatment or management. Truncal obesity is associated with many health risks that may cause further complications for an obsessed individual.
Let’s start the topic to discuss the fact sheet about truncal obesity and how to get rid of it?.
What Is Truncal Obesity?
Truncal obesity is also known as abdominal obesity and central obesity. It is the condition associated with an excessive build-up of abdominal fat around the abdomen and stomach. Truncal obesity is supposed to impart a negative impact on health in association with many other health risks and complications.
Causes of Truncal Obesity:
Diet is believed to be the prime cause of truncal obesity. Consumption of a diet full of calories and expanding it fewer results in visceral fat deposition in the abdominal region. Truncal obesity is proved to be caused by the following diets
- Trans Fat from industrial oil
- Processed foods
- Red meat
- Oily fish
- Excessive sugar
Alcohol consumption is the common cause of gaining overweight and truncal obesity. Excessive alcohol consumption impairs the normal function of the liver. As a result, the liver fails to metabolize fatty acid and triglycerides, leading to the deposition of visceral fat and abdominal fat.
The association between alcohol consumption and truncal obesity in men is proven by the study. It suggests that there is an increased risk of getting truncal obesity in men who are used to drinking alcohol.
Environmental factors sometimes also become the cause of truncal obesity. An individual may experience obesity by living in an environment where smoking is a common habit or intake of a high-calorie diet is part of the lifestyle.
Low physical activity and the use of steroids are also the contributing factors that lead to truncal obesity. Also, people having insulin resistance may face obesity due to the deposition of visceral and abdominal fat.
Diagnosis Of Truncal Obesity :
In order to differentiate truncal obesity from other types of obesity, it is important to diagnose it accurately. Following physical tests can be performed to make the diagnosis.
- Absolute waist circumference: It is greater than 102 cm in men and greater than 88 cm in women.
- Waist-hip ratio: It is obtained by dividing the circumference of the waist by the circumference of the hips. It must be greater than 0.9 for men and greater than 0.85 for women.
- Waist stature ratio: It is obtained by dividing waist circumference by height. It should be greater than 0.5 for adults under 40 and greater than 0.6 for adults over 50.
- Sagittal abdominal diameter: It is the distance measured from the small back to the upper abdomen while standing or in the supine position. It should be under 25cm for persons having normal BMI.
Health Risks Of Truncal Obesity
Obesity is of different types and not a single type is good for the human body. Obesity either truncal obesity or adrenal obesity is always linked with some major health risks as complications. In The case of truncal obesity, there are 4 major health risks explained as follows.
Truncal obesity drastically increases the risk of hypertension and heart disease. The risk of death increases with the increase in waist and hip ratio. The actual cause of heart disease is a metabolic syndrome that leads to blood lipid disorder and further creates other complications such as atherosclerosis, insulin resistance. Intra Abdominal fat that is deposited is supposed to have a big health risk.
The foremost contributing factor is the deposition of waistline adipose tissue i.e truncal obesity or central obesity. Truncal obesity is linked with both insulin resistance and type 2 diabetes mellitus.
The reason is abdominal fat being hormonally active releases adipokines resulting in glucose intolerance. Truncal obesity increases the serum level of resistance that is directly linked with insulin resistance. Studies also reported the relation of resistance levels with type 2 diabetes mellitus.
Abdominal obesity leads to asthma by reducing chest expansion and decreasing tidal volume. This results in breathing at low lung volume. People with truncal obesity are more likely to suffer from asthma due to the effect of obesity on the flattening of diaphragms. Obsessed people breathe rapidly and often. A study also reported that 75% of asthma patients treated in an emergency are obsessed.
The strong association of obesity with vascular disease is potentially linked with Alzheimer’s disease. It is also evident by a study that mid-life truncal obesity is linked with dementia. Truncal obesity increases the risk of Alzheimer’s disease up to 10 fold. High visceral fat without any consideration with overall body weight also increases the risk of dementia.
Other health disorders:
Truncal obesity is also linked with other health disorders as a symptom or maybe as a contributing factor. Besides heart disease, diabetes, asthma, and Alzheimer’s disease, truncal obesity may be linked with
- Cushing’s syndrome
- Polycystic ovary syndrome
- Glucose intolerance
- Knee osteoarthritis
Truncal obesity can occur as a symptom of the above-mentioned health-related disorders or may contribute to the occurrence of this disease.
Truncal Obesity Treatment :
Truncal obesity can be managed by a variety of methods and by making lifestyle changes. The first strategy for the management of truncal obesity is to lose weight either by exercise plan or change in diet. A strict diet with physical exercise helps to reduce weight effectively. Although it needs consistency and punctuality to follow the workout schedule.
In case of truncal obesity caused due to any underlying health condition. the actual disease must be treated first. For example, women having polycystic ovary syndrome face truncal obesity as a major symptom. Here the goal of therapy is to treat PCOS and truncal obesity will resolve by itself.
How To Get Rid Of Truncal Obesity By Yourself?
Most of the time truncal obesity needs “ management” through certain adaptations in your lifestyle and doesn’t need “ medical treatment”. Here are the following evidence-based steps that help you to get rid of truncal obesity by yourself without any major use of medications and clinical visits.
- Stop the intake of sugar as sugar composed of glucose and fructose and have a high-calorie value.
- Increase the intake of protein in your diet to maintain the calorie balance and fulfill the nutritional requirement of the body.
- Restrict carbs in your diet.
- Increase the intake of a fiber-rich diet to keep your metabolism active and fast.
- Aerobic exercise such as walking, swimming, etc proves to be effective in the management of truncal obesity. It also reduces inflammation and levels your blood glucose level.
Truncal obesity is caused due to deposition of visceral fat. Like other types of obesity, truncal obesity has many health-associated risks such as cardiac problems, asthma, diabetes, etc.
The contributing factors for truncal obesity are imbalance diet, alcohol consumption, and other environmental factors. Truncal obesity is manageable and must be taken into serious considerations to avoid further complicated health consequences.