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Pampiniform Plexus: All You Need to Know About The Pampiniform Plexus [Detail Guide]
Well, some of you have never heard about pampiniform plexus. It is related to both males and females. Most medical students have knowledge about it because it’s part of their courses. But don’t worry there is nothing laymen can achieve if they are curious and taking interest in their body. Yes, it’s your love towards your body to understand the basic structures, functions, and diseases. The same goes for this topic pampiniform plexus. By reading the name of this topic you guys can understand that this article is about the pampiniform plexus.
What is Pampiniform Plexus?
The pampiniform plexus is around 10 veins draining the testis and epididymis in the form of venous drainage. The pampiniform plexus is a small venous network found within the male spermatic cord. The network borders the testicular artery in the spermatic cord and lies down anteriorly to the ductus deferens. The network fuse to form the testicular (internal spermatic) veins.
Anatomy of Pampiniform Plexus
The pampiniform plexus is a small venous network found within the male spermatic cord. The plexus initiates in the scrotum with veins appearing from the mediastinum testis. The plexus veins arise with the spermatic cord at the front of the ductus deferens.
The anterior part of the plexus occurs collectively to make the internal spermatic vein. The internal spermatic cord moves through the inguinal canal and arises into the retroperitoneum. The walls of the plexus veins hold a composite muscle structure that drives blood flow to the left renal vein.
The Function of Pampiniform Plexus
The pampiniform plexus contains arteries and veins that serve and clear out the testes. A tide rip interchange system takes place in the pampiniform plexus between arterial and venous blood. Following are the functions of the pampiniform plexus;
- The “heat exchange” mechanism is present to assist the temperature of the testes to chill the blood in the testes.
- The arteries contributing to the testes go through the plexus
- The blood is chilled down from abdominal arterial temperature to testicular temperature
Relation Between Pampiniform Plexus & Varicocele
A vein malformation in the scrotum may result in a varicocele. A varicocele is an elongation of the veins within the scrotum. These veins are called the pampiniform plexus. Male infertility or testicular pain may usually be associated with a varicocele. Varicoceles are caused by reversed blood flow or damaged drainage of the testicular or internal spermatic vein. Varicoceles are the most regular and curable cause of male infertility
A varicocele can out turn in lessen sperm making and quality which in some cases can lead to infertility. It can also contact the testicles.
Symptoms of Varicoceles
Sometimes varicoceles due to pampiniform plexus do not cause any pain and discomfort in the penis. However, sometimes it has symptoms. Following are the symptoms of varicoceles caused by pampiniform plexus are;
- Swelling of the scrotum
- Lump in the testicles
- Twisted veins in the scrotum
- Lessen recurring pain in the scrotum
Causes of Varicoceles
There are many causes of varicoceles which are caused due to pampiniform plexus. It includes;
- The valve is not working properly or missing in the vein
- Inactive blood flow
- The large veins going to the testicles moving towards the heart are connected abnormally
- If blood flows backward into the vein causes swelling of a scrotal vein
Diagnosis of Varicoceles
The doctor will examine you physically in his routine clinic and ask you to take a deep breath and hold then he will find out the scrotum is above the testicles and he is able to find the enlarged vein. This technique is known as the Valsalva maneuver. Further, your doctor will recommend a scrotal ultrasound test.
Treatment of Varicoceles
As we mentioned above, varicocele is caused due to pampiniform plexus. This disease is untreatable but you can control the pain. treatment is only for those patients who have pain, abnormal growth, abnormal semen, and fertility issues. Following are the treatments of varicoceles;
- Pain killers
- Microscopic varicocelectomy
- Laparoscopic varicocelectomy
Pampiniform plexus is often caused by the enlargement of scrotal veins. A vein malformation in the scrotum may result in a varicocele. Sometimes varicoceles due to pampiniform plexus do not cause any pain and discomfort in the penis. The pampiniform plexus is a small venous network found within the male spermatic cord. If you feel any abnormality immediately consult your doctor he will examine you and further proceed with the best treatment options.
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