The number of insect species is estimated at 6-10 million insects potentially accounting for more than 90% of the life forms on earth exposure to biting or stinging insects or to their remains can range in severity from benign or barely noticeable to life-threatening. Read this article to get important information regarding bug bites. This article is for you!
OVERVIEW OF BUG BITES:
The different types of venom bites and stings vary according to the diverse range of venomous creatures such as snakes, spiders, bees, wasps, scorpion, ants, jellyfish, molluscous, and fish. Bad bugs are more active at night, but if they feel hungry, they can bite at any time.
Since every venomous creature is different, the severity of the bites and stings will depend on characteristics such as the type of the creature, strength, and effects of creatures, the amount of venom injected as well as on characteristics of the causality such as their size, age and general health.
DIFFERENT TYPES OF BITES AND STINGS:
HOW LONG TO MOSQUITOES LIVE?
It depends on the gender. In general, female mosquitoes have longer lifespan rather than males. Females can stay alive until as much as 56 days, while the males can only create itchiness on your skin. Other than that, it will create the possibility of transmitting some health concerns like malaria, dengue, fever and many more.
It is important to keep your yard and the environment surrounding your house free of those insects. Through this article, we are going to learn how mosquitoes bite?
- Most people have no symptoms if infected, a few may become middle ill with a slight fever, headache, body aches, and sometimes skin rash or swollen lymph glands.
- Symptoms usually occur in 5 to 15 days after being bitten.
- Severe cases develop encephalitis may be permanently impaired.
- People older than 50 and those immune-o-compromised are at greater risk.
HOW LONG TO FIRE-ANTS LIVE?
Fire-ants have few natural enemies in the United States. So they can quickly spread and displace many native and species. The colony begins with the winged forms called reproductives, which live in the mound until finding a mating flight, usually occurring in the afternoon, soon after a rainy period. Mating flights can occur at any time of the year, but they are most common in spring and fall.
Males die soon after mating, while the fertilized queen finds suitable nesting sites, sheds her wings and begins digging a chamber in which to start a new colony. It is important to keep your yard and the environment surrounding your house free of those insects. Through this article, we are going to learn how fire-ant bites.
- Fire ant stings cause a burning sensation, stings are painful and can form blisters that can take weeks to heal.
- Painful blisters large local reactions of swelling, pain, redness possible anaphylactic shock they can see more frequently you get stung the more severe your reactions. Fire-ants bite into skin then pivot around while stinging. In this condition, urgent care may be required.
WHERE DO FLEAS LIVE?
Fleas, common external parasites, are most active in the summer months and can often infect humans and pets through contact with other contaminated animals or with fleas in the environment. They feed on blood and the fleas bite can cause severe itching, which can lead to hair loss and inflammation.
- Allergy due to bites of fleas is due to the sensitivity of a person to insect bites.
- The symptoms of this type of allergy are the same as the symptoms of flea bites but are generally more pronounced.
- If you notice some itching on your legs, it’s a good sign you have flea bites.
HOW TO TREAT FLEA BITES NATURALLY?
Some people don’t like to use any gel on the infected area so here is another good option.
Coconut oil is the best home remedy for flea bites disease. The regular massage with coconut oil prevents infection and helps to improve the infected area steadily.
Bed Bugs tend to avoid hair because every hair is connected to a nerve under the skin. We believe that if a bed bug is crawling through the hair, it is more likely that the host will feel the bug and crawling and cause the victims to react by squashing the bug unconsciously. Bed bugs tend to bite along the sides of the trunk, around the ankles, wrist, on the chest and back, or around the back of the neck. Bed bugs will not typically crawl under your clothes to bite you. They prefer to bite bare skin.
- Small red marks are usually found on the neck, hands, arms, and legs.
- Bites found in other parts of the body means multiple insects are feeding.
- Red lesions are bleeding from the center of the bite, fatigue and fever.
- Most bed bugs don’t require medical treatment. Redness and itching go away in 1-2 weeks.
- It is recommended to try to find the bugs on the suspected bed.
HOW TO KNOW IF YOU HAVE BEDBUG BITES?
- Bites in groups of three breakfast, lunch and dinner patterns.
- Skin reaction ranges from slight reddening to raised, itchy and rash.
- Some bites throbs and remain painful for days.
- Soothe with an ice pack or consult a doctor.
KEY POINTS TO NOTE:
- Usually, insects and spider bites and stings cause only mild pain, itching, severe allergic reaction and swelling at the bite.
- Wheezing and difficulty in breathing.
- Puffy eyelids, facial and limb swelling.
- Some insect bite can be serious cause severe allergic reactions and this can result in death.
They can multiply rapidly, laying seven to ten eggs per day. Lice are not dangerous and they don’t spread disease, but they are a nuisance. The bites may cause a child’s scalp to become inflamed. However, some children don’t experience any itching from head lice.
- The most common symptoms of all types of lice infestation are caused by an allergic reaction.
- The saliva from these bites causes allergic reaction and itching.
- Eggs may be easier to see but are only important if they are found 1.5 cm from the scalp.
WHAT ARE CHIGGERS?
Chiggers are usually red bugs that attach themselves to a host they live off. They are also known as red bugs or harvest mites. Chiggers are small insects no bigger than 1/20th of an inch and are bright red. Though extremely annoying, chiggers are not known for transmitting any disease.
- Occur in clusters, groups, or swaths, with no recognizable patterns.
- Commonly on feet, ankle or groin.
- Red and itchy can be raised or flat.
- Being itching an hour or up to a day after being bitten.
All species of ticks can transmit multiple diseases, not only Lyme disease. Ticks are often carried by migratory birds, mice, deer, one tick can lay thousands of eggs. A tick does not have to be attached for long to transmit disease. You may never see it or feel it bite or get a rash.
- Removal of tissue before feeding beings prevents the transmission of disease.
- Symptoms appeared in 3 to 12 days. Sudden high fever, headache, aching muscles.
PRECAUTIONS IN CASE OF TICK BITES:
If it is embedded, following tick removal procedure;
- Save the tick for identification.
- Record date and tick bite.
- See your doctor if symptoms develop and report tick exposure to the doctor.
Scabies is an itchy rash that is caused by tiny insects called mites. The mites get into your skin and lay eggs mites can spread easily to other people through physical contact. You can also get scabies by sharing towels, bedding, or clothes with someone who has it. Scabies rash and an allergic response to the mite.
- Symptoms of scabies are usually itching which tends to be more intense at night and a pimple-like rash.
- The most common sites are wrists, elbows, armpits, skin between fingers and toes, and around the nail. The skin is usually covered by clothing such as buttocks, beltline, nipples and penis.
Spiders live just about anywhere. They can be found in all regions of the earth, except for in polar regions, the highest mountaintops and the oceans. Spiders can make their homes just about anywhere including inside humans.
- Most spider bites are painful but harmless except fiddle spider or widow spider can be life-threatening.
- Severe pain in the area of bite or sting.
- Redness with itching and swelling and formation of blood-filled blisters.
BLACK WIDOW SPIDER:
The black widow spider lives on the south side of the United States. They also live in dark places like sheds, garages and closets. They are less common in winter months.
This is an emergency medical condition. Urgent care may be required.
- Members of the widow family of spiders are found all over the world and are believed to account for the majority of fatal spider bites.
- Local symptoms appear and the pain will increase gradually.
- Pain bitten over time spreads to the entire limb, local swelling also occurs warmth, itching also often associated.
Hornets and yellow jackets have slender bodies while bees have harrier, more robust bodies, bees, hornets and yellow jackets become more aggressive near the end of the summer. A bee or hornet sting is painful and annoying, and in some people it can trigger a severe allergic reaction.
- Yellow Jacket stings are extremely painful and one insect can individual, multiple times along with, there will be redness swelling pain and itching along with inflammation in the affected area.
- Yellowjacket or wasp stings can be a very serious medical condition for some people.
Scorpions are burrowing animals. Scorpions absorb fluids through the flesh and organs of the prey.
- Painful, burning, tingling, numbing sensation of biting the scorpion sting.
- There is a slight redness seen at the scorpion sting site.
- Just like bee stings, patients can also develop an allergic reaction to a scorpion sting which can sometimes be life-threatening
TYPES OF BITING AND STINGING INSECTS:
Here are some bugs, insects, and different types of scorpions that can be dangerous.
BITING INSECTS, ARACHNIDS AND OTHER BUGS:
Insects bites during the summer months are caused by mosquitoes. Midges, ticks, spiders, bees, wasps, aside from causing itching, pain, redness, and swelling, many bugs (mosquitoes and ticks) can also spread several diseases. Some bites can carry disease. For example, carry Lyme disease.
- Black flies
- Pubic lice
- Chigger mites
- Head lice
- Scabies mites
WHERE DO SPIDERS LIVE?
Spiders live just about anywhere.they can be found in all regions of the earth, except for in the polar regions, the highest mountaintops and the oceans. Spiders found in the united state include;
- Hobo spider
- Brown recluse spider
- Wolf spider
- Grass spider
- Mouse spider
- Blackhouse spider
- Black widow spider
An insect may bite when it is agitated and defend itself or when it wants to feed.
Common stinging insects are:
- Paper (wasps) hornets
- Fire ants
REACTION CAUSED BY BITING AND STING:
Most stings cause nothing more than temporary pain for some getting stung can trigger anaphylaxis, a life-threatening allergic reaction.
According to the nation worldwide survey only a third of people would know what to do if they were in someone who went into anaphylactic shock from wasps or bee stings.
- A feeling of uneasiness, tingling, sensations, and dizziness.
- Generalized itching and hives.
- Swelling of the lips and tongue.
- Wheezing and difficulty breathing.
- Collapse and loss of consciousness.
STEPS TO FOLLOW AT HOME:
By staying at home, you can follow these steps to weaken the impact.
If you are bitten and stung, you may see or feel the insect on your skin during the attack. Some people don’t notice the insect and may not be aware of a bite. You are experiencing a more severe reaction these symptoms include;
Remove the stinger with a dull-edged object:
- Use a blunt object, such as a credit card or butter knife, to gently scrape across the affected area.
- Don’t use tweezers, they could squeeze the stinger’s venom sack and make the system worse.
Apply a cool compress:
- Apply a cool compress, such as an ice pack, once the stinger is removed to help alleviate pain.
- An antihistamine taken orally or applied as a cream can help alleviate itching and swelling.
Elevate the area:
- Elevate the area, depending on the location of the sting, or help reduce swelling.
The symptoms can last between a few hours and a few days.
Although insect stings and bites can be irritating, symptoms usually begin to disappear by the next day and don’t require medical treatment; however, kids who are allergic to some insect stings or bites may sometimes have life- threatening symptoms that require emergency treatment. The insects that most commonly cause such reactions are honey bees, certain social wasps, mosquitoes, and flies. This article is based on a selective literature review. This article is intended to provide readers with an;
Overview of the types of the stings and treatment of reactions to insect stings and basic tips of the treatment of patients with immediate systemic reactions to be or wasps stings. Infectious diseases transmitted by insects are beyond the scope of this article.
Bees and wasps are social creatures and only sting humans to protect their hive. Don’t bother them, and they won’t bother you.
A student of Surgical Technology from Dow University of Health Sciences. She brings her expertise on surgical procedures, knowledge on Human Anatomy and Modern Day Surgeries to help students understand and learn easier ways and help patients understand hospital procedures before their surgeries.