10 Medical Fields in India After 12 Grade (In Detail)

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For the future of medical education, it is important to have an understanding of all the fields that are available in India. This can be done by analyzing the different medical fields and knowing which one is most popular for a particular age group.

India is a country in which 83% of the population is under the age of 35, and it has the second-largest working-age population in the world. The demand for medical professionals is high.

Medical schools are among the most competitive educational fields to enter in India, with more than 100,000 students applying for just 17,000 seats.

Most students are half confused once they graduate from their high schools i.e, 12th grade. But what’s the worry for? We have got you covered! Here are some of the top medical fields that you can opt for in India after 12th grade. 

List of Top 10 Medical Fields in India After 12 Grade

1. MBBS – Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery

MBBS is one of the toughest medical degrees all over the world but also the most popular one, the one that pays well. With over 1 million MBBS seats available every year, it requires a lot of hard work and dedication to making a good career out of it. The MBBS course has been designed to provide a lot of opportunities for career progression as well as preparation for post-graduation.

Duration & Fee

It is a 5.5-year degree. You need to deposit a total of 06 to 53 lacs. Moreover, you also need to clear the NEET UG exam.

Requirement

You need to pass with at least 50% marks in 12th grade. 

Scope

The scope of mbbs in India is expanding rapidly and there is tremendous pressure for admission.

Some government officials have estimated that the demand for admission to MBBS courses in India may be as much as 250,000 by 2025.

After pursuing MBBS, you can:

  • Open up your own clinic
  • Work in a reputable hospital
  • Work as a professor
  • Work as a medico-legal advisor

Universities Offering MBBS in India

Universities Offering MBBS in India
Universities Offering MBBS in India

2. BDS – Bachelor of Dental Sciences

With recent changes in the law, it is now easier for students to pursue careers in these fields without changing their choice of career after 12th grade. The law also allows students who graduate with a BDS or Bachelors of Dental Sciences degree to practice these professions anywhere in India.

BDS is a professional degree that provides students with the knowledge and skills to practice dentistry as well as understand the science behind it.

Duration & Fee

The Bachelor of Dental Sciences takes up 4.5 years and it includes two years of pre-clinical study followed by three years of a clinical study. You need to deposit a total of 05 to 20 lacs.

Requirement

You need to pass with at least 50% marks in Physics, Chemistry, and Biology in 12th grade. 

Scope

The scope of BDS in India is growing rapidly. In fact, it is the only dental science degree being offered by all the institutes in India.

It has been a boon for the students who are going to study BDS with this degree. They can now be sure that they have a job even before they have completed their course, which has increased their employability and chances of finding work.

After pursuing BDS, you can:

  • Dental assistants;
  • Dental technicians;
  • Dental hygienists;
  • Start your own clinic.

Universities Offering BDS in India

Universities Offering BDS in India
Universities Offering BDS in India

3. BHMS – Bachelors of Homeopathic Medicine and Surgery

The BHMS program has been designed with the aim to provide treatment for people who are not able to afford medical treatment. It focuses on treating patients at home through natural methods, which include herbs, diet, hydropathy, etc., instead of prescribing drugs from hospitals.

The BHMS is a degree conferred by the government of India. This course is recognized by the Medical Council of India and other governing bodies and is equivalent to MBBS in terms of curriculum and duration.

Duration & Fee

It is a 5.5-year degree. You need to deposit a total of 05 to 20 lacs. Moreover, you also need to clear the NEET exam.

Requirement

You need to pass with at least 50% marks in 12th grade. 

Scope

This program has been approved by the All India Council for Technical Education and is recognized by the Medical Council of India as well as the Ministry of Health and Family Welfare.

BHMS graduates are expected to work in rural areas as health care providers. Their role could be either in the public health care system or private practice or even in community health care settings like schools, colleges and NGOs.

Universities Offering BHMS in India

Universities Offering BHMS in India
Universities Offering BHMS in India

4. BAMS – Bachelor of Ayurvedic Medicine and Surgery

BAMS is a unique medical degree that uses Ayurveda, Yoga, and Vedic Sciences to treat patients. This medical degree is the first of its kind in India. It sets an example of how to integrate holistic practices into health care systems.

It is a 5-year program, where students learn how to be holistic practitioners while they can also specialize in different fields of medicine like pediatrics, dermatology, etc.

Ayurveda is an integrated approach to healthcare which balances physical, emotional, and spiritual well-being through preventive measures and treatments for acute illnesses. It has been widely practiced in India for over 5,000 years.

Duration & Fee

It is a 5.5-year degree. You need to deposit a total of 60,000 to 2.5 lacs. Moreover, you also need to clear either of the following exams:

  • NEET
  • KLUET
  • AIET

Requirement

You need to pass with at least 50% marks in 12th grade. 

Scope

India has seen the emergence of a new phenomenon, the Bachelor of Ayurvedic Medicine and Surgery, which is one of the most influential post-graduate medical degrees.

After pursuing BAMS, you can work as a:

  • Ayurveda doctors;
  • Ayurveda therapists
  • Ayurvedic massage therapist;
  • Ayurvedic cook;
  • Ayurvedic consultant.

Universities Offering BAMS in India

Universities Offering BAMS in India
Universities Offering BAMS in India

5. BUMS – Bachelor in Unani Medicine

Bachelor of Unani Medicine (BUMS) is a five-year course in Unani medicine. It was started in 1979 and has been recognized by the World Health Organization (WHO) for providing education in traditional medicine.

Unani medicine is an ancient system of medicine that takes into account the human body’s natural healing processes, as opposed to modern medical science which focuses on treating disease symptoms.

Duration & Fee

It is a 5.5 year degree. You need to deposit a total of 20,000 to 2 lacs. Moreover, you also need to clear either of the following exams:

  • NEET
  • AIPVT

Requirement

You need to pass with at least 50% marks in 12th grade. 

Scope

BUMS is the only educational degree in Unani Medicine, an ancient Indian system of health care. There have been several recent developments in this field such as modern trends and advancements in healthcare. With these changes, there is a need to add more qualified professionals to the job market.

After pursuing BAMS, you can work as a:

  • Hakeem;
  • Consultant;
  • Pharmacist;
  • Medical assistant;
  • scientist.

Universities Offering BUMS in India

Universities Offering BUMS in India
Universities Offering BUMS in India

6. B.V.Sc & AH – Bachelor of Veterinary Sciences & Animal Husbandry

The Bachelor of Veterinary Sciences and Animal Husbandry (B.V.Sc & AH) is a 5-year course in India, which prepares students for careers in animal husbandry, veterinary science, and related areas. The course was developed by the Indian Council of Agricultural Research (ICAR), with assistance from the International Association for Agricultural and Horticultural Development (IAASTD).

In short, BVSc is for those who want to work in the field of livestock farming, veterinary science, or related areas such as wildlife management or fisheries management. On the other hand, AH is for those who want to work as a professional animal handler – an occupation that includes training animals to perform various tasks such as circus performances or working with wild animals.

Duration & Fee

It is a 5 year degree. You need to deposit a total of 1.25 to 5 lacs. Moreover, you also need to clear either of the following exams:

  • NEET
  • AIPVT

Requirement

You need to pass with at least 50% marks in 12th grade. 

Scope

With the increasing use of technology, there are a number of jobs available now with B.V.Sc & AH degree holders such as veterinary technicians and scientists that are mostly related to animal welfare or pet care either directly or indirectly. The demand for graduates is high in these fields given the growing awareness about animals among people across all age groups.

After pursuing B.V.Sc & AH, you can work as a:

  • Cattle Breeder;
  • Work in the animal care;
  • Work in quality assurance in agriculture;
  • Animal research scientist;
  • Livestock department officer.

Universities Offering B.V.Sc & AH in India

Universities Offering B.V.Sc & AH in India
Universities Offering B.V.Sc & AH in India

7. BPT – Bachelor of Physiotherapy

BPT is a course offered in India to students who are interested in pursuing physiotherapy as a career. It is an undergraduate degree course.

This course covers all aspects of the physiotherapy profession. The students are taught detailed knowledge in anatomy, physiology, neurology, psychology, and biomechanics while they learn to diagnose and treat patients suffering from a wide range of illnesses including injury rehabilitation and orthopedic conditions.

Duration & Fee

It is a 4.5-year degree. You need to deposit a total of 60,000 to 3 lacs. Moreover, you also need to clear either of the following exams:

  • JIPMER
  • NEET
  • IPU Physiotherapy exam

Requirement

You need to pass with at least 50% marks in 12th grade. 

Scope

The scope of BPT – Bachelor of Physiotherapy in India is expanding every day. There are various avenues in which you can specialize – sports injury, spinal cord injuries, neurology, orthopedics, and others.

BPT is a profession that helps individuals with injuries and physical disorders to recover from their condition. The job requires a lot of responsibility, empathy, ability to work as part of a team, and has a high demand for the practice in India.

After pursuing BPT, you can work as a:

  • Lecturer;
  • Osteopath;
  • Private physiotherapist;
  • Sports physio rehabilitator.

Universities Offering BPT in India

10 Medical Fields in India After 12 Grade (In Detail) 1 - Daily Medicos
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8. B.Sc. Nursing

A Bachelor of Science in Nursing degree is a degree awarded by colleges of nursing. It is a professional course that prepares students for careers as registered nurses. The program usually takes three years to complete, but recently four-year courses have been introduced to accommodate changes in healthcare delivery models and workforce needs.

India has 18 universities that offer postgraduate degrees in nursing. These universities are spread across the nation and offer different programs.

In India, most BSN programs are offered by public or private universities accredited by the National Board of Accreditation (NBA) and recognized by the Ministry of Health & Family Welfare.

Duration & Fee

It is a 4-year degree. You need to deposit a total of 60,000 to 3 lacs. Moreover, you also need to clear either of the following exams:

  • AIIMS B.Sc. Nursing Entrance Test
  • NUPMET
  • BHU B.Sc. Nursing Entrance Test

Requirement

You need to pass with at least 50% marks in 12th grade. 

Scope

B.Sc. Nursing in India provides students with theoretical knowledge about health care and its related practices, which enables them to carry out day-to-day activities effectively and confidently without compromising on quality.

After pursuing B.Sc. Nursing, you can work as a:

  • Director of Nursing;
  • Military Nurse;
  • Industrial Nurse;
  • Community Health Nurse;
  • Work in a private hospital;

Universities Offering B.Sc. Nursing in India

Universities Offering B.Sc. Nursing in India
Universities Offering B.Sc. Nursing in India

9. BYNS- Bachelor of Yoga and Naturopathy Sciences

BYNS is a course that gives students the knowledge to provide yoga and naturopathy services to people of all age groups.

It is a certified course from the Yoga Alliance, which is an international body of professional associations for yoga teachers, schools, and studios. It has been designed to meet the needs of individuals who are interested in pursuing a career in yoga therapy or as a professional practitioner.

The BYNS course aims at imparting theoretical knowledge and practical skills required for the practice of yoga therapy in India.

Duration & Fee

It is a 5 year degree. You need to deposit a total of 3 to 6 lacs. Moreover, you also need to clear Merit in the class 12 exam.

Requirement

You need to pass with at least 50% marks in 12th grade. 

Scope

BYNS is a unique opportunity for students to learn about the ancient science of yoga, as well as about its modern applications in health and lifestyle. This course is open to students from different regions in India and abroad.

  • BYNS- Bachelor of Yoga and Naturopathy Sciences in India is designed for the job seeker who has a good track record in any of the following areas:
  • Yoga exercises (RS)
  • Meditation techniques (RS)
  • Ayurvedic medicine practices (RS)
  • Naturopathy medicines and treatments (RR)
  • Alternative therapies for healthy living, disease prevention, and treatment management (RS)
  • Relationship counseling to various levels of intimacy that includes providing a safe space, providing guidance, teaching life skills, etc.
  • Counseling individuals, couples and groups with emotional challenges such as anxiety disorders or addiction problems

Universities Offering BYNS in India

10 Medical Fields in India After 12 Grade (In Detail) 5 - Daily Medicos
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10. BMTL – Bachelor of Medical Laboratory Technology

BMTL – Bachelor of Medical Laboratory Technology in India is the most sought-after course for aspirants in the job market. It is designed by Indian universities and it is equivalent to a Master of Science degree.

The curriculum is designed to provide a sound understanding of the principles and techniques of medical laboratory technology and its application in clinical settings. The course also provides students with the knowledge, skills, and attitudes required to engage in a professional career as a scientist or technologist within the field of biomedical science research or clinical laboratory testing services.

Duration & Fee

It is a 3 to 4-year degree. You need to deposit a total of 60,000 to 3 lacs. Moreover, you also need to clear either of the following exams:

  • AFMC PMT
  • NEET
  • KEAM
  • AIIMS Nursing

Requirement

You need to pass with at least 50% marks in 12th grade. 

Scope

In India, the industry is seeking BMTL graduates who have the ability to adapt to the changes in the industry and have enough skill set for any job role.

BMTL in India has seen the scope of its job grow from 450-500 vacancies per year from 2008-2010 to more than 1800 vacancies per year from 2011-2018.

The scope of BMTL is to work in the laboratory and provide care for patients. The scope includes the following:

  • Testing blood and other body fluids including urine, stool, breast milk, saliva, pus
  • Analyzing organ function
  • Monitoring the water balance in and out of cells
  • Checking cells for infection
  • Recording patient data

Universities Offering BMTL in India

10 Medical Fields in India After 12 Grade (In Detail) 9 - Daily Medicos
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