Daily Medicos

Acne: types, causes, remedies and treatment for acne

Are you continuously canceling your plans because of untimely breakouts? Do acne symptoms disturb your life, as you know acne is every girl’s enemy and now boys are also too conscious about their clean face and this acne becomes worse for you and you may constantly lose your confidence. So, those who are suffering from small, infrequent breakouts have acknowledged the cause of acne and also compiled a list of remedies and tips to get rid of acne.

What is acne?

Acne is a condition or disorder which affects your skin’s oil glands and the hair follicles. The small tiny holes in your skin named as pores connect or bind to oil glands under the skin. These oil glands make an oily substance known as sebum. The small pores which get connected to the glands by a duct called follicles. Inside the follicles, oil transfers the dead skin cells to the surface of your skin. A thin, fine hair grows through the follicle and out to the skin. Frequently, the hair, sebum, and skin cells clustered together into a plug. The bacteria in the plug is causing the swelling and when the plug begins to break down, a pimple grows.

What are the types of Acne?

There are two major types of acne:

  1. Non-inflammatory Acne
  2. Inflammatory Acne

They are further divided into more sub-types.

Acne: types, causes, remedies and treatment for acne 2 - Daily Medicos
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1. Non-Inflammatory Acne

Non-inflammatory acne is a type of acne which does not cause swelling or any inflammation. They are determined by open and closed comedones (clogged hair follicles in skin or pores). The non-inflammatory acne can be categorized into two types. These are:

1. Blackheads:

  • Blackheads are named as open clogged pores, which are caused by sebum glands and dead skin cells. The outer layer of the blackhead pore is open and it appears in the black dots that are seen on your skin’s surface.
  • Blackheads comedones can appear on your face, back, chest, neck, arms, and shoulders.
  • It usually takes 6-8 weeks to repair.

2. Whiteheads:

  • Whiteheads are named as closed clogged pores that are covered by a thin layer of hair, which are caused by sebum and dead skin cells. It appears as a small smash, bump sticking out from your skin.
  • Whiteheads can appear on your face, back, chest, and sometimes the neck and shoulder.
  • It takes at least 6-8 weeks to repair.

2. Inflammatory Acne

Inflammatory acne usually causes swelling and inflammation on your skin’s surface. Except from sebum and dead skin cells, bacteria is the major factor when it comes to clogged pores, which results in an inflammatory acne. It is further divided into following types:

1. Acne papules (pimples)

Acne papules are inflamed discoloration or blemishes which look like redden spots on your skin. These papules can appear everywhere on your body including the neck, chest, shoulders, back, and buttocks. Acne papules appear when a hair follicle wall is ruptured and the bacteria or cellular debris easily enter the deepest layer of the skin. 

2. Acne pustules:

Acne pustules are usually pimples with a white-colored head and contain a pus, dead skin cells, and an excess amount of oil. When the hair follicles is ruptured in the pore, the body conveys the signals to defend against bacteria and it sends white blood cells (WBCs) as a defense mechanism to stop producing pus. The pustules can develop on the face, back, or shoulders

3. Acne Nodules:

Acne nodules are large, inflamed severe forms of lesions that feel hard and sometimes painful. The pustules and papules are formed on your skin’s surface, while the nodules are more buried in your skin. When the wall is ruptured it penetrates deep down the dermis, and enters the polluted debris into the dermis which contains contaminant follicles. The nodules contain pus. Acne nodules mostly appear on the face, chest, and back.

5. Acne cyst:

Acne cysts are severe and painful forms of acne. They are usually soft, large, and the fluid-filled bumps underneath your skin’s surface. Acne cysts are formed the same as acne nodules, but these are the most severe form. Acne cysts are filled with pus and blood and lead to scarring.

What are the Causes of acne?

No one specific component causes acne. Acne occurs whenever your sebaceous glands connected to the hair follicles are energizing at the time of puberty or adolescence due to any hormonal changes. Sebum is a natural material that makes a smooth surface and protects your skin. Corresponding with increased oil production is a change in that manner, in which the skin cells become mature, leading them to plug the follicular pores. The plug can appear as whiteheads and covered with a thin layer of skin which appears due to air exposure, while the darker exposed portion of the plug is called blackheads. The plugged follicle is usually enlarged and it may rupture the wall and produce inflammation. Inflammation near the skin’s surface produces an eruption, pustule in a deeper layer of skin and results in a papule (pimple)

The main risk factors for the development of acne are genetics and the possible secondary contribution in acne include hormones, infections while the diet, and stress are no clear risk factors for producing acne.

i) Genes

Acne appears to be firmly inherited; the genetics factor explains 80% of the variation in the population. According to previous studies have demonstrated the strongly inherited nature of acne. Acne is likely due to the impact of multiple genes. 

Acne: types, causes, remedies and treatment for acne 3 - Daily Medicos

ii) Hormones

The hormonal activity also becomes the cause of acne, such as the hormonal changes during menstruation, at the age of puberty taking the part in the formation of acne. During puberty or adolescence, variation in hormones called androgen and it may cause the skin follicle glands to grow up larger and produce more oily sebum. The main hormone are named as androgen hormones testosterone, dihydrotestosterone (DHT), and dehydroepiandrosterone (DHEA) all are  linked with acne.

iii) Infections:

The anaerobic bacterial species (bacteria which live without oxygen) such as Cutibacterium acne contributes to the development of acne, but its exact or clear role is not well understood. Infection with the parasitic mite named Demodex is related to the development of acne.

Some factors that don’t play an important role in acne

i) Food:

Parents frequently tell teens to avoid pizza, baked, greasy, fried foods, and junk food. Even though these foods may not be good for overall health, they don’t play an important role in acne. Some recent studies have implicated a high-carbohydrate diet, milk, and chocolate in provoking acne.    

ii) Dirt: 

Blackheads are oxidized oil, but not dirt. Sweat does not produce acne, while it is produced by entirely separate glands in your skin. Even though excessive washing results in dry and irritating your skin.

iii) Stress:

 Most people get upset because of their pimples and make them last longer. However, stress does not play much of a direct role in acne.

Dos and don’t tips to fight against Acne

Acne always seems to show at the worst times, especially when you don’t have enough time to wait to complete its life cycle for a week and you just want it go immediately, as soon as possible. There are certain dos and don’ts for removing your pimples. It’s a natural response to remove or fight against your pimple in a speed up manner for your pimple treatment. 

i) Do apply a paste of crushed aspirin

As you know aspirin contains salicylic acid which is an acne fighter. By applying a paste which is made of aspirin promptly removes excess oil and dead skin cells. It also helps to dry out your angry large or small pores, while concomitantly reducing swelling, inflammation, and redness.

To make the paste of aspirin, firstly crush an aspirin and mix it with a few drops of water. Then apply it directly to your pimple.

2. Do ice the zit

If your pimple is swollen and it also causes pain, take an ice cube and wrap it in a soft thin cloth then put it on your pimple or spot for at least 3-4 minutes. Repeat it throughout the day for relieving your pain and reducing swelling temporarily.

3. Don’t poke your pimple

You’ve heard many times don’t touch your pimples. If your pimple appears on your face and you can’t get rid of this just because of your unhygienic hand or fingertips that touch your pimples again and again. Avoid poking or touching your pimple you can easily succeed in getting rid of it.

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4. Do layer your beauty products properly

It’s nothing to surprise, if your natural tendency is to simply cover your pimple as much concealer as you can get your hands on. But it’s better to follow a few steps.

Firstly, you may start with a clean face, then apply a thin layer of oil-free moist moisturizer and apply a small amount of acne medication to your entire face which is prescribed by your doctor. At last apply your beauty product, they can help to regulate skin cells and prevent clogging of pores. 

5. Don’t lose track of your trigger foods

Are you a chocolate lover? Or you thought late-night craving runs getting the better of your skin? These all are called trigger foods but it doesn’t affect everyone. That’s why you should keep yourself away from certain foods that tend to correspond with sudden onset breakouts.

6. Don’t believe every hack you see

By seeing DIY hacks or any attractive videos regarding skin care remedy or cure, you should not believe any videos or hacks. If you are a skin conscious or try to apply all hacks so you may apply it in a careful manner. Firstly every remedy or hacks apply to your smaller area to see the result about this. If no irritation or sensation appears on that area then you may apply this on your face.

7. Do consider zinc supplements

Not all supplements or additives have scientific approval or support. Whenever it comes to acne treatment, zinc supplement shows promising results. Zinc supplement has wider availability; you can buy it easily at any drugstore or supermarket.

8. Don’t take stress

It’s easier to say that don’t take stress but it’s not easy to apply it to your daily life. Stress is not the main factor for your acne appearance but yes, stress-inducing acne is common nowadays in teens. For getting rid of your pimple you may keep calm and stress-free your mind.

How to get rid of acne fast at your home?

Now when we need to put our best and fresh faces forward, but the acne or pimple loosen your confidence. So here are many tricks, hacks, and tips breakout for removal of this worsen acne.

Few tips are mentioned here, it’s not a permanent solution for your acne but whenever you see the first symptom of acne appearance and you may need quick but effective medication, you may try a trusted list of best home remedies for acne scars.

1. Toothpaste:

You should use a clean cotton swab to apply this on your face. You may apply an even layer of any white toothpaste on the affected area of your face. This is one of the best way of getting rid in nights when you spot the first acne symptoms and feel the need of quick but effective acne medication, follow our trusted list of the best home remedies for acne scars overnight treatments.

2. Coconut Oil:

You may take warm coconut oil and then lightly massage the affected area of your face. Leave it overnight to remove your acne scar. Then rinse it with your skin-type face wash.

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3. Baking Soda:

You may take baking soda and water and mix it well to make a smooth paste and apply over the acne then leave it for a few minutes before rinsing off with water

4. Vaseline:

Vaseline is one of the best home remedies to treat your acne scars overnight. You may apply petroleum jelly over your acne marks or spots and repeat this on a regular basis to get rid of acne.

5. Aloe Vera:

Extract fresh aloe vera gel from the Aloe vera plant and apply it directly to your acne scars and its surrounding areas then leave it for 10-15 minutes. Rinse it with plain water. 

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6. Yogurt:

Take 1-2 tablespoons of yogurt and by using your fingertips, apply a layer of yogurt on your affected area then let it be for 10-15 minutes before rinsing off with cold water.

7.  Rosewater:

Rosewater is also one of the best home remedies for acne spots or marks, you can take sandalwood and mix it with rose water, make a consistent paste then apply it as a pack on your full face or on your acne spot , it works both ways on your skin.

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Treatment for acne

If you have acne scars or pimples so it’s better to let it be or applying any harmless remedy to treat your pimples but if you are deciding to treat acne by medication or laser so here are three most beneficial and affected treatments for acne, these are

1. Laser Treatment For Acne

Laser treatment for acne scars or spot works by removing the uppermost layer of your skin to get the younger skin cells underneath. It resurfaces or equalizes the tone of your skin without the use of any chemicals or scrubs, which helps to reduce the appearance of acne scars. But the laser treatment for acne scars isn’t suitable for all skin types, especially for sensitive skin. 

2. Micro needling

Another brilliant treatment for acne scars is micro needling. It is the process of inserting tiny small needles into your skin surrounding acne scars to energize or revive your body to make more collagen. This collagen helps to reduce the appearance of acne marks by smoothing out the skin. 

3. Dermal Fillers

If you have severe types of acne scars, your dermatologists may recommend using soft tissue fillers to remove the appearance of acne spots or marks. These fillers consist of a collagen-based product, which may need earlier allergy testing. This acne scar removal treatment works best to remove your scars permanently.

Before you leave!

Acne is a disorder which affects your oil sebum and skin. Frequently pimples or acne appears at the age of puberty because of hormonal changes. The best way to treat acne is to let it be. Overthinking, stress may result in worse conditions or might be proven bad for your acne. By applying trusted tips you may get rid of acne, if you have a severe type of acne or acne scars you should be concerned with a dermatologist while using any medications, remedies, or tips.

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